CASE REPORT | doi:10.20944/preprints202008.0319.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Neuroscience And Neurology Keywords: LOPD, diaphragm, ultrasound
Online: 14 August 2020 (10:19:11 CEST)
Late onset Pompe disease is a recessive lysosomal storage disease. Clinical features include skeletal muscles deficiency and diaphragm weakness. Clinical management relies on supportive treatment and mechanical ventilation in patents with chronic respiratory failure. M mode ultrasound and tissue Doppler imaging can be used to assess and to follow up diaphragm function.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202310.0466.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Parasitology Keywords: Sarcocystis; chamois; heart; diaphragm; Germany
Online: 9 October 2023 (07:36:37 CEST)
Chamois are mountain ungulates (Subfamily Caprinae) which inhabit several medium and high altitude mountain ranges from southern Europe to the Near East. The first findings of Sarcocystis cysts in the musculature of chamois were reported in the 1970s. However, only limited work on the epidemiology of sarcocystosis and identification of the species of Sarcocystis in chamois has been done in the past. The present work was part of a comprehensive study on the parasites of chamois in Germany aiming to provide, for the first time, data on the prevalence and intensity of Sarcocystis infection in native Alpine chamois using histology examination of heart and/or diaphragm tissue samples collected from 216 chamois (40 kids and 176 chamois ranging of one up to 18 years of age). Sarcocysts were detected in either heart or diaphragm of 167/216 chamois (77.3%) with 131 of 183 heart samples and 127 of 215 diaphragm samples testing sarcocyst positive. Of the 181 chamois with both heart and diaphragm available (34 kids and animals up to 18 years of age), sarcocysts were detected in heart and/or diaphragm of 142 animals translating in an overall 78.5% prevalence of Sarcocystis infection (95%CI 72.5% - 84.4%). Sarcocysts were more frequently recorded in heart vs. diaphragm (72.4% vs. 56.4%; p=0.0021), and diaphragm positivity was associated with heart positivity (p=0.0001). Sarcocyst positivity (heart and/or diaphragm) was significantly (p<0.001) lower in kids than in the older chamois (27.1% vs. 88.6%, respectively) but prevalence did not differ between the sexes, regardless of the chamois’ age (p>0.3). Intensity of infection was generally low (<10 sarcocysts per cm² muscle cut) in both heart positive and diaphragm positive animals (94.7% and 93.7%, respectively) with heart yielding higher sarcocyst counts than diaphragm (p<0.001). Both heart and diaphragm sarcocyst counts were significantly (p<0.001) lower in kids than in the older chamois. Sarcocystis infection was demonstrated to be prevalent in chamois in Germany but intensity is apparently low. Further studies are desired to identify the species of Sarcocystis parasitizing the chamois using both phenotypic and molecular characteristics.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202310.1128.v1
Subject: Public Health And Healthcare, Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy And Rehabilitation Keywords: covid-19; diaphragm; chest mobilization; respiratory fucntion
Online: 18 October 2023 (08:14:01 CEST)
This study aims to investigate the effects of chest mobilization and breathing exercises on respiratory function, trunk stability, and endurance in chronic stroke patients who have contracted coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Thirty inpatients of a tertiary hospital in South Korea, who had a history of COVID-19 and were diagnosed with stroke within the last 6 months were randomly assigned to either the Chest Mobilization Exercise with Breathing Exercise (CMEBE) or Conservative Physical Therapy with Breathing Exercise (CPTBE) groups. The respiratory function, trunk stability, and endurance were measured at baseline and 6 weeks after the interventions. Both CMEBE and CPTBE groups showed improvements in respiratory function, trunk stability, and endurance after the intervention (p<0.05). However, the CMEBE group showed significantly greater improvements in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (p<0.05), trunk stability (p<0.05), and endurance (p<0.05) than the CPTBE group. No significant intergroup difference was observed in forced vital capacity and peak expiratory flow. Conclusion: The combination of chest mobilization and breathing exercises improved respiratory muscle mobility and endurance, stabilized the trunk, and enhanced balance and transfer of weight. The findings suggest that this intervention could be beneficial in improving respiratory function and endurance in stroke patients.
CASE REPORT | doi:10.20944/preprints202309.1410.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Complementary And Alternative Medicine Keywords: Osteopathy; osteopathic manipulation; fascia; nonspecific neck pain; diaphragm
Online: 22 September 2023 (06:35:10 CEST)
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death in the globally. Morbidity and disability related to non-fatal events are increasing exponentially. There are several symptoms that may arise after invasive therapeutic approaches such as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), including chronic pain in anatomical areas connected to the mediastinum; these pains can be found not only initially after surgery, but also years later. We present a case where non-specific neck pain (NNP), in a patient undergoing CABG five years earlier, was approached with an osteopathic technique, working the pericardial area. To the knowledge of the Authors, it is the first case report where osteopathy is associated with a gentle treatment on the pericardial area to resolve a NNP.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201611.0139.v2
Subject: Engineering, Automotive Engineering Keywords: clutch; diaphragm spring; multi-objective; optimization; NSGA-II
Online: 29 November 2016 (05:02:44 CET)
The weight coefficients of the diaphragm spring depend on experiences in the traditional optimization. However, this method not only cannot guarantee the optimal solution but it is also not universal. Therefore, a new optimization target function is proposed. The new function takes the minimum of average compress force changing of the spring and the minimum force of the separation as total objectives. Based on the optimization function, the result of the clutch diaphragm spring in a car is analyzed by the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) and the solution set of Pareto is obtained. The results show that the pressing force of the diaphragm spring is improved by 4.09%by the new algorithmand the steering separation force is improved by 6.55%, which has better stability and steering portability. The problem of the weight coefficient in the traditional empirical design is solved. The pressing force of the optimized diaphragm spring varied slightly during the abrasion range of the friction film, and the manipulation became remarkably light.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201807.0026.v1
Subject: Engineering, Electrical And Electronic Engineering Keywords: non-invasive respiratory monitoring; diaphragm motion monitoring; breathing disorder; ultrasound
Online: 3 July 2018 (06:16:35 CEST)
This paper introduces a novel respiratory detection system based on diaphragm wall motion tracking using an embedded ultrasound sensory system. We assess the utility and accuracy of this method in evaluating diaphragmatic function and its contribution to respiratory workload. The developed system is able to monitor the diaphragm wall activities when the sensor is placed in the zone of apposition (ZOA). This system allows the direct measurements with only one ultrasound PZT5 piezo transducer. The system both generates pulsed ultrasound waves at 2.2 MHz and amplifies reflected echoes. According to the diaphragmatic motions, the respiratory signals of the proposed system is insensitive to human motion artifacts. Promising results were obtained from six subjects on six different tests with an average sensitivity and specificity of 84% and 93% of respiration detection, respectively. Measurements are referenced to a SPR-BTA commercial spirometer. In this study, we also evaluated inertial and photoplethysmography (PPG) sensors as other conventional methods in this area.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202309.1266.v1
Subject: Engineering, Civil Engineering Keywords: shield tunneling; kirchhoff plate; space effect; ground heave; diaphragm wall deformation; field monitoring
Online: 19 September 2023 (07:36:11 CEST)
The ground surface deformation induced by shield tunnels passing through enclosure structure of existing tunnels is a particular underground construction scenario, which is encountered in Wuhan metro line 12 engineering cases in China. The classic ground deformation theory is difficult to accurately predict this ground deformation. This paper develops a semi-analytical method to predict ground heave considering space effect in this engineering condition. Based on improved ground deformation theory, a novel deformation prediction method of ground and enclosure structure is derived combined with Kirchhoff plate theory. Comparing with field deformation measurements, the maximum difference between measured and calculated deformation is 14.6%, which demonstrating that the proposed method can be used to predict the ground heave induced by shield tunnels passing through the enclosure structure of existing tunnels. The parameters of underground diaphragm wall used in Wuhan metro line 12 are further studied in detail. The results show that the ground heaves have positive correlation with embedded ratio of diaphragm wall, but negative correlation with its elastic modulus and thickness. But the thickness and embedded ratio has a limited effect on ground heaves. This study provides a technical reference for optimization setting of enclosure structure in protecting existing building.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202012.0755.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Immunology And Allergy Keywords: titin; muscle; diaphragm; atrophy; physical dysfunction, biomarker; urine; post-intensive care syndrome; nutrition; rehabilitation
Online: 30 December 2020 (14:15:47 CET)
Titin is a giant protein that functions as a molecular spring in sarcomeres. Titin interplays the contraction of actin-containing thin filaments and myosin-containing thick filaments. The breakdown product of titin has been measurable in urine as urinary titin N-fragments. Urinary titin N-fragment was originally reported to be a useful biomarker in the diagnosis of muscle dystrophy. Recently, the urinary titin N-fragment has been increasingly gaining attention as a novel biomarker of muscle atrophy and intensive care unit-acquired weakness in critically ill patients, in whom titin loss is a possible pathophysiology. Furthermore, several studies reported that the urinary titin N-fragment also reflected muscle atrophy and weakness in patients with chronic illnesses. It may be used to predict the risk of post-intensive care syndrome or to monitor patients’ condition after hospital discharge for better nutritional and rehabilitation management. We provide several tips on the use of this promising biomarker in post-intensive care syndrome.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202101.0580.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Immunology And Allergy Keywords: stroke; sarcopenia; computed tomography; ultrasound; bioelectrical impedance analysis; muscle; temporal muscle; rectus femoris muscle; diaphragm; calf circumference
Online: 28 January 2021 (12:31:09 CET)
Muscle mass at admission is important to survive stroke, and stroke-induced sarcopenia is a serious problem because of its poor prognosis. Muscle mass measurement and monitoring are essential for appropriate re-habilitation and nutrition management. Several methods are used to assess skeletal muscle mass in stroke, such as computed tomography (CT), ultrasonography, bioelectrical impedance analysis, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, biomarkers, and anthropometrics. In stroke, a head CT is used to estimate muscle mass by measuring the temporal muscle. However, it is mostly retrospectively conducted due to radiation exposure. After stroke, limb muscle atrophy and diaphragm dysfunction are observed using ultrasound. However, ultrasound requires an understanding of the methods and skill. A bioelectrical impedance analysis can be used to assess muscle mass in patients after a stroke unless they have dynamic fluid changes. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry is used for follow-up after hospital discharge. Urinary titin N-fragment and serum C-terminal agrin fragment reflect muscle atrophy after stroke. Anthropometrics may be useful with limited resources. We summarized the features of each measurement and proved the recent evidence to properly measure and monitor skeletal muscle mass after stroke.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202212.0345.v1
Subject: Engineering, Industrial And Manufacturing Engineering Keywords: Laboratory Automation; Radiochemistry; Synthera; FASTlab; TRACERlab; iPhase; Synthra; Synthesis Module; Radiation Safety; Vacuum; Diaphragm Pump; Laboport; Arduino; LabVIEW
Online: 20 December 2022 (02:21:39 CET)
Vacuum pump wear is the most prevalent failure mode of the IBA Synthera® automated radiochemistry system. Rebuilding or replacing the pump causes equipment downtime and increases the radiation exposure of the service personnel. We built a dedicated test device to assess new or rebuilt pumps prior to installation, thus reducing downtime and radiation exposure during repairs. The Testbed incorporates a microprocessor that actuates the pump, valves, pressure sensor, and communicates with the user through lights, buttons, and an alphanumeric screen. The Testbed increases productivity and safety in the radiochemistry laboratory.