Preprint Article Version 9 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Revealing the Phenomena of Heat and Photon Energy on Dealing Matter at Atomic Level

Version 1 : Received: 5 January 2017 / Approved: 5 January 2017 / Online: 5 January 2017 (09:55:07 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 19 January 2017 / Approved: 19 January 2017 / Online: 19 January 2017 (11:05:14 CET)
Version 3 : Received: 13 March 2017 / Approved: 14 March 2017 / Online: 14 March 2017 (07:40:28 CET)
Version 4 : Received: 19 April 2017 / Approved: 19 April 2017 / Online: 19 April 2017 (11:26:33 CEST)
Version 5 : Received: 8 May 2017 / Approved: 8 May 2017 / Online: 8 May 2017 (10:36:08 CEST)
Version 6 : Received: 19 June 2017 / Approved: 20 June 2017 / Online: 20 June 2017 (05:07:01 CEST)
Version 7 : Received: 22 August 2017 / Approved: 22 August 2017 / Online: 22 August 2017 (05:58:38 CEST)
Version 8 : Received: 25 October 2017 / Approved: 25 October 2017 / Online: 25 October 2017 (08:15:34 CEST)
Version 9 : Received: 7 December 2017 / Approved: 8 December 2017 / Online: 8 December 2017 (03:46:45 CET)
Version 10 : Received: 27 December 2017 / Approved: 27 December 2017 / Online: 27 December 2017 (09:21:19 CET)
Version 11 : Received: 17 January 2021 / Approved: 19 January 2021 / Online: 19 January 2021 (10:57:31 CET)
Version 12 : Received: 24 April 2022 / Approved: 25 April 2022 / Online: 25 April 2022 (05:40:32 CEST)
Version 13 : Received: 27 July 2022 / Approved: 27 July 2022 / Online: 27 July 2022 (05:30:24 CEST)
Version 14 : Received: 19 September 2022 / Approved: 20 September 2022 / Online: 20 September 2022 (10:36:29 CEST)
Version 15 : Received: 18 April 2023 / Approved: 19 April 2023 / Online: 19 April 2023 (05:13:30 CEST)
Version 16 : Received: 3 September 2023 / Approved: 4 September 2023 / Online: 5 September 2023 (02:51:01 CEST)
Version 17 : Received: 29 February 2024 / Approved: 1 March 2024 / Online: 1 March 2024 (10:39:41 CET)

How to cite: Ali, M. Revealing the Phenomena of Heat and Photon Energy on Dealing Matter at Atomic Level. Preprints 2017, 2017010028. Ali, M. Revealing the Phenomena of Heat and Photon Energy on Dealing Matter at Atomic Level. Preprints 2017, 2017010028.


Technology is in the way to reach in its climax but the basic understanding of science in many phenomena is still awaited even though the nature witnesses it. Scientific research reveals strong analogy between photon and electron. When an atom deals neutral state, it levitates electron of outer ring from the back surface while placing the bit-energy at front surface. Gravitation behavior of that electron starts at the centre of relaxation point by including the force of side pole where the pulling force of nearby unfilled state of that atom from the front surface results into depict forcing energy shape like Gaussian distribution symbol with both ends turned called unit photon. The inertia is being involved at each stage of changing direction of that electron by introducing the disappearances of forces of two poles against the appearances of forces of two opposite poles during rest to motion and motion to rest in the first half-cycle. The same is the case in the second half-cycle of that electron during rest to motion and motion to rest but it is under different introduction of the disappearances of forces against appearances of forces. However, at stage of levitating or gravitating period of electron, only one force is being involved at one time where the opposite force is disappeared. The uninterrupted confined inter-state electron-dynamics of atom under the availability of several bits of bit-energy results into generate forcing energy shape like a wave. Two bits of bit-energy where shape of bit for first half-cycle is like integral symbol and second half-cycle is like opposite integral symbol which are being placed along the configuring trajectory of inter-state electron-dynamics during forward-direction cycle and two bits of bit-energy shape in opposite order are being placed along the trajectory of inter-state electron-dynamics during back-direction cycle. Generating forcing energy of unit photon in each cycle is pushing to the rear side by remaining connected till the electron is not restoring the state of rest. Silicon atom is considered as a model system under neutral state. Uninterrupted confined inter-state electron-dynamics result into generate forcing energy that can travel immeasurable length and unavailability of necessitating bit-energy at any interrupted stage result into generate an overt photon. Inter-state electron-dynamics for at least two cycles generate an overt photon –a photon length twice to unit photon. Under certain interaction of unit photon, it divides equally into two bits of bit-energy instead of dividing into tits and bits of heat. The mechanism of generating photon characteristic current by the electron of neutral state atom validates that atoms are four-dimensional discs at centre of dealing no force. An isolated electron is being grounded under directed forcing energy to impinge a neutral state atom where the gained instantaneous velocity under merged energy resulting into distort atom at that point. Matter changes the role of energy and force under various sorts of interactions. Here, heat energy and photon energy explore matter at atomic and electron levels, thus, devise basis of science to describe.


heat energy; photon energy; fundamental forces; nanoscale phenomenon; atomic scale phenomenon; electron scale phenomenon


Chemistry and Materials Science, Materials Science and Technology

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our Diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
* All users must log in before leaving a comment
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0

Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.