Preprint Article Version 11 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Heat and Photon Energy Phenomena: Dealing with Matter at Atomic and Electronic Level

Version 1 : Received: 5 January 2017 / Approved: 5 January 2017 / Online: 5 January 2017 (09:55:07 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 19 January 2017 / Approved: 19 January 2017 / Online: 19 January 2017 (11:05:14 CET)
Version 3 : Received: 13 March 2017 / Approved: 14 March 2017 / Online: 14 March 2017 (07:40:28 CET)
Version 4 : Received: 19 April 2017 / Approved: 19 April 2017 / Online: 19 April 2017 (11:26:33 CEST)
Version 5 : Received: 8 May 2017 / Approved: 8 May 2017 / Online: 8 May 2017 (10:36:08 CEST)
Version 6 : Received: 19 June 2017 / Approved: 20 June 2017 / Online: 20 June 2017 (05:07:01 CEST)
Version 7 : Received: 22 August 2017 / Approved: 22 August 2017 / Online: 22 August 2017 (05:58:38 CEST)
Version 8 : Received: 25 October 2017 / Approved: 25 October 2017 / Online: 25 October 2017 (08:15:34 CEST)
Version 9 : Received: 7 December 2017 / Approved: 8 December 2017 / Online: 8 December 2017 (03:46:45 CET)
Version 10 : Received: 27 December 2017 / Approved: 27 December 2017 / Online: 27 December 2017 (09:21:19 CET)
Version 11 : Received: 17 January 2021 / Approved: 19 January 2021 / Online: 19 January 2021 (10:57:31 CET)
Version 12 : Received: 24 April 2022 / Approved: 25 April 2022 / Online: 25 April 2022 (05:40:32 CEST)
Version 13 : Received: 27 July 2022 / Approved: 27 July 2022 / Online: 27 July 2022 (05:30:24 CEST)
Version 14 : Received: 19 September 2022 / Approved: 20 September 2022 / Online: 20 September 2022 (10:36:29 CEST)
(This article belongs to the Research Topic Ecofriendly Materials)

How to cite: Ali, M. Heat and Photon Energy Phenomena: Dealing with Matter at Atomic and Electronic Level. Preprints 2017, 2017010028 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0028.v11). Ali, M. Heat and Photon Energy Phenomena: Dealing with Matter at Atomic and Electronic Level. Preprints 2017, 2017010028 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0028.v11).


Misconception in using terms photon and electron exists in science. When the electron of outer ring in silicon atom executes interstate dynamics for only one cycle, it generates force and energy for the unit photon. Interstate dynamics of the electron for one forward and reverse cycle generate the overt photon having the least measured length. When the photon of suitable length interacts with the side of laterally orientated electron of an atom, it converts into the heat energy. Under the approximate angle of 90º, when a photon interacts with the tip of laterally orientated electron, it divides into the bits of energy having a shape like integral symbols. In the neutral state silicon atom, the centre acts as the reference point for electrons executing interstate dynamics and the lateral lengths of the electrons remains along the north-south poles. Under the availability of energy and force, the energy wraps around the force shaping along the tracing trajectory of electron dynamics in a silicon atom. A force is being shaped from the sides of electron not experiencing the exertions of forces. In interstate dynamics, electron of the outer ring first reaches the ‘maximum limit point’, where energy of one bit is utilized wrapping around the shaping force along its tracing trajectory. From the ‘maximum limit point’, electron completes the second half cycle dealing with relevant forces, where again energy of one bit is wrapped around the shaping force along the tracing trajectory. The shape of unit photon is like ‘Gaussian distribution of turned ends’. Under the uninterrupted heat energy for the silicon atom, an electron dynamics generates the photon having a shape like wave. Path independent but interstate dependent forces take over the control of electron. That electron executes dynamics nearly in the speed of light. In confined interstate dynamics, naturally viable conservative forces exert to the position-acquiring electron. A photon can be in the continuous and unending length if the electron dynamics remains uninterrupted. Having not made contact with states limiting the forces at work, the changing aspect of electron recalls auxiliary moment of inertia at each point of turning. By executing electron dynamics, atoms under neutral states generate photons of different shapes, so revealing the phenomena of heat and photon energy.


Heat energy; Photons; Fundamental forces; Electron dynamics; Atomic scale phenomenon; Electronic scale phenomenon


MATERIALS SCIENCE, General Materials Science

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 19 January 2021
Commenter: Mubarak Ali
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Sketches of Figures are improved. Presentation of the paper is also improved. Language and grammer of the paper are improved as well. The core idea of the paper remained the same. Both abstract and conclusion sections are shorten.
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