Preprint Article Version 10 This version is not peer-reviewed

Heat and Photon Energy Phenomena: Dealing with Matter at Atomic and Electronic Levels

Version 1 : Received: 5 January 2017 / Approved: 5 January 2017 / Online: 5 January 2017 (09:55:07 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 19 January 2017 / Approved: 19 January 2017 / Online: 19 January 2017 (11:05:14 CET)
Version 3 : Received: 13 March 2017 / Approved: 14 March 2017 / Online: 14 March 2017 (07:40:28 CET)
Version 4 : Received: 19 April 2017 / Approved: 19 April 2017 / Online: 19 April 2017 (11:26:33 CEST)
Version 5 : Received: 8 May 2017 / Approved: 8 May 2017 / Online: 8 May 2017 (10:36:08 CEST)
Version 6 : Received: 19 June 2017 / Approved: 20 June 2017 / Online: 20 June 2017 (05:07:01 CEST)
Version 7 : Received: 22 August 2017 / Approved: 22 August 2017 / Online: 22 August 2017 (05:58:38 CEST)
Version 8 : Received: 25 October 2017 / Approved: 25 October 2017 / Online: 25 October 2017 (08:15:34 CEST)
Version 9 : Received: 7 December 2017 / Approved: 8 December 2017 / Online: 8 December 2017 (03:46:45 CET)
Version 10 : Received: 27 December 2017 / Approved: 27 December 2017 / Online: 27 December 2017 (09:21:19 CET)

How to cite: Ali, M. Heat and Photon Energy Phenomena: Dealing with Matter at Atomic and Electronic Levels. Preprints 2017, 2017010028 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0028.v10). Ali, M. Heat and Photon Energy Phenomena: Dealing with Matter at Atomic and Electronic Levels. Preprints 2017, 2017010028 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0028.v10).


Technology is reaching its climax, but the basic understanding of science in some phenomena is still awaited. Although the nature witnesses them in many ways, the scientific research again reveals strong analogy between photon and electron. Electrons of outer ring in a neutral atom such as silicon atom execute confined inter-state dynamics as per exerting forces of their relevant poles. Hence, heat energy is engaged while involving the element of force along their trajectories of forward and reverse cycles. An electron of the outer ring when executes the dynamics under the exertion of force along the relevant poles, one bit of heat energy is engaged along its trajectory made to reach the relaxation point. That electron experiences the forces along the relevant poles to reach at another relaxation point related to nearby unfilled state, where again one bit of heat energy is engaged along the trajectory. This way, that electron under the execution of confined inter-state dynamics, depicts the force-energy relationship shape like ‘Gaussian distribution of both ends turned’. This generated force-energy relationship is related to a unit photon. A confined inter-state electron dynamics of a silicon atom, under the supply of heat energy of several bits, results into the generation of force and energy relationship forming shape like a wave. That force and energy relationship can be in immeasurable length if the dynamics of the electron remain uninterrupted. The interruption at any stage results into termination of a generating photon in increasing-length. Two bits of heat energy are engaged along the trajectories of inter-state electron dynamics while having the forward direction cycle. The same is the case while having the reverse direction cycle. Inter-state dependent but path-independent forces exerting to an electron of silicon atom to generate photon having the characteristic of current conventionally known as electronic current or electric current. Auxiliary moment of inertia is there only to recall each point of its turning. That electron does not have the contact to either of the state confining its dynamics. This mechanism of generating photon by a silicon atom indicates that atomic structures belonging to different elements are different to the presented ones. A confined inter-state dynamic of electron in one forward cycle and one reverse cycle formulates an overt photon of the smallest length. A unit photon of certain alignment when interacts to medium, it results to divide into two bit heat energy. A misaligned unit photon when interacts to matter, it divides into tits and bits. Here, it defines the typical nature of heat. Atoms of suitable elements generate photons having features different to photons of silicon atoms. An isolated electron is grounded under carrying the forcing energy of an aligned overt photon where, under gained instantaneous velocity, impingement of underlying solid atom results into the distortion. Atoms change correspondence to force and energy as per built-in gauge of electron dynamics. Here, heat and photon energy explore matter at atomic level, so at electron level also describing the bases of science.

Subject Areas

heat and photon energy; fundamental forces; energy conservation; electron-dynamics; atomic scale phenomenon

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