Preprint Article Version 10 This version is not peer-reviewed

Heat and Photon Energy Phenomena: Dealing with Matter at Atomic and Electronic Level

Version 1 : Received: 5 January 2017 / Approved: 5 January 2017 / Online: 5 January 2017 (09:55:07 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 19 January 2017 / Approved: 19 January 2017 / Online: 19 January 2017 (11:05:14 CET)
Version 3 : Received: 13 March 2017 / Approved: 14 March 2017 / Online: 14 March 2017 (07:40:28 CET)
Version 4 : Received: 19 April 2017 / Approved: 19 April 2017 / Online: 19 April 2017 (11:26:33 CEST)
Version 5 : Received: 8 May 2017 / Approved: 8 May 2017 / Online: 8 May 2017 (10:36:08 CEST)
Version 6 : Received: 19 June 2017 / Approved: 20 June 2017 / Online: 20 June 2017 (05:07:01 CEST)
Version 7 : Received: 22 August 2017 / Approved: 22 August 2017 / Online: 22 August 2017 (05:58:38 CEST)
Version 8 : Received: 25 October 2017 / Approved: 25 October 2017 / Online: 25 October 2017 (08:15:34 CEST)
Version 9 : Received: 7 December 2017 / Approved: 8 December 2017 / Online: 8 December 2017 (03:46:45 CET)
Version 10 : Received: 27 December 2017 / Approved: 27 December 2017 / Online: 27 December 2017 (09:21:19 CET)

How to cite: Ali, M. Heat and Photon Energy Phenomena: Dealing with Matter at Atomic and Electronic Level. Preprints 2017, 2017010028 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0028.v10). Ali, M. Heat and Photon Energy Phenomena: Dealing with Matter at Atomic and Electronic Level. Preprints 2017, 2017010028 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0028.v10).


Technology is reaching its climax, but the basic understanding of science in numerous phenomena is still required. The scientific research discloses strong analogy between photon and electron. In the forward direction cycle, two-bit energy is engaged along the trajectory of electron while having inter-state dynamics of neutral silicon atom. The same occurs in the reverse direction cycle. Confined inter-state electron dynamics for one forward cycle and one reverse cycle formulate an overt photon of the smallest length. Photons are related to their different lengths of force and energy. A unit photon is subset of an overt photon. However, when two ‘unit photon’ combine, they represent the force and energy of the smallest overt photon. When an overt photon of certain alignment interacts with the side of clamped electron of an embedded atom, it results in tits and bits of heat. Here, it defines a typical nature of heat. Under certain arrangement, when an overt photon interacts with the tip of clamped electron at an angle around 90º, it divides into bits of energy shaped like integral symbol. Electrons of outer ring in a neutral atom such as silicon atom execute confined inter-state dynamics as per exerting forces of their relevant poles. Hence, heat energy is engaged while involving the element of force along their trajectories of forward and reverse cycles. When an electron of the outer ring executes the dynamics under the exertion of force along the relevant poles, one bit of heat energy is engaged along its trajectory to reach the maximum limit point. That electron experiences the forces along the relevant poles to reach the nearby unfilled state from that maximum limit point, where again one bit of heat energy is engaged along the trajectory. This way, that electron under the execution of confined inter-state dynamics, depicts the force and energy relationship shaped like ‘Gaussian distribution of both ends turned’. This generated force and energy relationship is related to a unit photon. Confined inter-state electron dynamics of a silicon atom, under the supply of heat energy of several bits, results in the generation of force and energy relationship forming a shape like a wave. That force and energy relationship can be in immeasurable length if the changing aspect of the electron remains uninterrupted. The interruption at any stage results in termination of a generating photon in increasing length. Inter-state dependent but path-independent forces exerting to an electron of silicon atom generate photon having the characteristic of current conventionally known as electronic or electric current. Auxiliary moment of inertia is there only to recall each point of its turning. That electron does not have contact with either of the energy knots confining its dynamics. Atoms of different elements generate photons of different shapes as per built-in gauge of their electron dynamics. Atoms change correspondence according to nature of electron dynamics. Here, heat and photon energy explore matter at atomic and electronic levels to describe the bases of science.

Subject Areas

heat energy; photons; fundamental forces; electron dynamics; atomic scale phenomenon; electronic scale phenomenon

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