Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dual Cosmic Horizon Radius of Spacetime Curvature of a Multi-Path Connected Cosmic Topology

Version 1 : Received: 14 May 2020 / Approved: 15 May 2020 / Online: 15 May 2020 (09:49:54 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 18 May 2020 / Approved: 18 May 2020 / Online: 18 May 2020 (11:37:59 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 12 June 2020 / Approved: 12 June 2020 / Online: 12 June 2020 (14:30:54 CEST)
Version 4 : Received: 25 August 2020 / Approved: 25 August 2020 / Online: 25 August 2020 (13:50:33 CEST)
Version 5 : Received: 23 September 2020 / Approved: 23 September 2020 / Online: 23 September 2020 (10:41:14 CEST)

How to cite: Al-Fadhli, M.B. Dual Cosmic Horizon Radius of Spacetime Curvature of a Multi-Path Connected Cosmic Topology. Preprints 2020, 2020050250 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0250.v2). Al-Fadhli, M.B. Dual Cosmic Horizon Radius of Spacetime Curvature of a Multi-Path Connected Cosmic Topology. Preprints 2020, 2020050250 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0250.v2).

Abstract

The necessity of the dark energy and dark matter in the present universe could be a consequence of the antimatter elimination assumption in the early universe. In this research, I derive a new model to obtain the potential cosmic topology and the cosmic horizon radius of spacetime curvature utilising new construal of space geometry inspired by large-angle correlations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). I utilise a modified version of the Big Bounce theory to avoid the Big Bang singularity and inflationary constraints, and to tune the initial conditions of the curvature density. The mathematical derivation of a positively curved universe governed by only gravity revealed two cosmic horizon solutions. Although the positive horizon is conventionally associated with the evolution of the matter universe, the negative horizon solution could imply additional evolution in the opposite direction. This possibly suggests that the matter and antimatter could be evolving in opposite directions as distinct sides of the universe, such in the visualised Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The span of the derived cosmic horizon radius could account for the farthest observed objects. By implementing this model, we found a decelerated stage of expansion during the first 10 Gyr, which is followed by a second stage of accelerated expansion; potentially matching the tension in Hubble parameter measurements. In addition, the model predicts a final time-reversal stage of spatial contraction leading to the Big Crunch of a cyclic universe. The predicted density is 1.14>1. Other predictions are (1) a calculable flow rate of the matter side towards the antimatter side at the accelerated stage; conceivably explaining the dark flow observation, (2) a time-dependent spacetime curvature over horizon evolution, which could influence the galactic rotational speed; possibly explaining the high speed of stars, and (3) evolvable spacetime internal voids at the accelerated stage, which could contribute in continuously increasing the matter and antimatter densities elsewhere in both sides respectively. These findings may indicate the existence of the antimatter as a distinct side, which influences the evolution of the universe instead of the dark energy or dark matter.

Supplementary and Associated Material

Subject Areas

cosmology: cosmic horizon, topology, antimatter, accelerated expansion, time-reversal.

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 18 May 2020
Commenter: Mohammed Al-Fadhli
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: A new extended title to better reflects the work, general revision of the text and improving the appearance of some figures
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