Preprint Article Version 7 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

On Spacetime Duality and Bounce Cosmology of a Dual Universe

Version 1 : Received: 14 May 2020 / Approved: 15 May 2020 / Online: 15 May 2020 (09:49:54 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 18 May 2020 / Approved: 18 May 2020 / Online: 18 May 2020 (11:37:59 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 12 June 2020 / Approved: 12 June 2020 / Online: 12 June 2020 (14:30:54 CEST)
Version 4 : Received: 25 August 2020 / Approved: 25 August 2020 / Online: 25 August 2020 (13:50:33 CEST)
Version 5 : Received: 23 September 2020 / Approved: 23 September 2020 / Online: 23 September 2020 (10:41:14 CEST)
Version 6 : Received: 7 October 2020 / Approved: 8 October 2020 / Online: 8 October 2020 (09:43:17 CEST)
Version 7 : Received: 12 October 2020 / Approved: 13 October 2020 / Online: 13 October 2020 (09:38:38 CEST)
Version 8 : Received: 16 December 2020 / Approved: 17 December 2020 / Online: 17 December 2020 (11:45:26 CET)

How to cite: Al-Fadhli, M.B. On Spacetime Duality and Bounce Cosmology of a Dual Universe. Preprints 2020, 2020050250 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0250.v7). Al-Fadhli, M.B. On Spacetime Duality and Bounce Cosmology of a Dual Universe. Preprints 2020, 2020050250 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0250.v7).


Precise astronomical measurements of the fine structure constant and universe expansion rate have revealed that they vary over specific directions, demonstrating an anisotropic universe. The curvature in complex spacetime can be interpreted as spatial warping evolution along with its travel through the imaginary time dimension. Complex spacetime worldlines of the universe spatial factor evolution through imaginary time are utilised to model universe anisotropy. The worldlines of a positively curved universe revealed both positive and negative solutions, which imply that matter and antimatter could be evolving in opposite directions as distinct sides of the universe, theoretically corroborating the axis of the cosmic microwave background and observed anisotropy. The model indicates that a nascent hyperbolic expansion is followed by a first phase of decelerating spatial expansion during the first 9 Gyr, and then, a second phase of accelerating expansion. The model potentially resolves the tension in Hubble parameter measurements, with a predicted density at the phase transition of 1.12>1. In addition, it predicts a final time-reversal phase of rapid spatial contraction leading to the Big Crunch, signalling a cyclic universe. On spacetime quantum duality, the simulations of the spacetime continuum flux through its travel along with its predicted worldlines demonstrated the fast-orbital speed of stars resulting from an external momentum exerted on galaxies via the spatial curvature through the imaginary time dimension. These findings indicate that antimatter could exist as a distinct side, which influences the universe evolution; physically explaining the effects attributed to dark matter and dark energy.

Subject Areas

Accelerated expansion; fast-rotation; flatness; parallel universe; duality; antimatter

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 13 October 2020
Commenter: Mohammed Al-Fadhli
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Dear Editor, 

I hope you are doing very well and I do appreciate your continued support

This version includes few simplifications for the mathematical derivations with their notations. Also, it includes minor improvements for general text and Figures 4 & 6.

Lots of thanks

Kind regards,
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