Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed
Early Universe Plasma Separation and the Creation of a Dual Universe
: Received: 14 May 2020 / Approved: 15 May 2020 / Online: 15 May 2020 (09:49:54 CEST)
: Received: 18 May 2020 / Approved: 18 May 2020 / Online: 18 May 2020 (11:37:59 CEST)
: Received: 12 June 2020 / Approved: 12 June 2020 / Online: 12 June 2020 (14:30:54 CEST)
: Received: 25 August 2020 / Approved: 25 August 2020 / Online: 25 August 2020 (13:50:33 CEST)
: Received: 23 September 2020 / Approved: 23 September 2020 / Online: 23 September 2020 (10:41:14 CEST)
: Received: 7 October 2020 / Approved: 8 October 2020 / Online: 8 October 2020 (09:43:17 CEST)
: Received: 12 October 2020 / Approved: 13 October 2020 / Online: 13 October 2020 (09:38:38 CEST)
: Received: 16 December 2020 / Approved: 17 December 2020 / Online: 17 December 2020 (11:45:26 CET)
: Received: 29 April 2021 / Approved: 29 April 2021 / Online: 29 April 2021 (09:10:40 CEST)
: Received: 21 June 2021 / Approved: 21 June 2021 / Online: 21 June 2021 (11:43:55 CEST)
A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.
Journal reference: MDPI/Physical Sciences Forum 2021
The Planck Legacy recent release revealed a closed and positively curved early universe with a confidence level greater than 99%. In this study, the Friedmann–Lemaîtree–Robertson–Walker (FLRW) metric is enhanced to model early universe plasma, incorporating its reference curvature radius upon the emission of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and the reference scale factor of the energy flux. The universe evolution from early plasma is modelled utilising quantised spacetime worldlines, where they revealed both positive and negative solutions implying that matter and antimatter in the plasma could be separated by electromagnetic fields and evolved in opposite directions as distinct sides of the universe, corroborating the CMB dipole anisotropy. The model indicates a nascent hyperbolic expansion is followed by a first phase of decelerating expansion during the first 10 Gyr, and then, a second phase of accelerating expansion. The model theoretically resolves the tension in Hubble parameter measurements, with a predicted density at the phase transition of 1.16. Further, it predicts a final time-reversal phase of rapid spatial contraction leading to a Big Crunch, signalling a cyclic universe. Simulations of the quantised spacetime continuum flux through its travel along the predicted worldlines demonstrated the fast-orbital speed of stars resulting from an external momentum exerted on galaxies via the spatial curvature through imaginary time dimension. These findings indicate that early universe plasma could be separated and evolved into distinct sides, collectively and geometrically influencing the universe evolution.
Plasma; accelerated expansion; parallel universe; duality; antimatter
PHYSICAL SCIENCES, Acoustics
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