ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202010.0193.v2
Subject: Business, Economics And Management, Accounting And Taxation Keywords: Environmental regulation; green total factor productivity; Dynamic panel model; Environmental decentralization
Online: 25 November 2020 (11:08:10 CET)
Environmental decentralization (ED), or the allocation of environmental protection affairs and responsibilities among various administrative authorities, affects the effectiveness of environmental regulation in promoting green total factor productivity (GTFP). Based on panel data of 30 Chinese provinces from 2001 to 2015, this paper employs dynamic panel models to test the effects of environmental regulations (environmental protection investment, ENV; pollutant discharge fees, PDF) on GTFP, with or without being influenced by ED. Without the impact of ED, GTFP is significantly inhibited by ENV while significantly promoted by PDF. Considering the impact of ED, with the strengthening of ED, the negative effects of ENV on GTFP is significant; contrarily, the positive effects of PDF on GTFP is significant; improving provincial ED adds negative effects of ENV, while reduces the positive effects of PDF; increasing prefectural ED reduces negative effects of ENV; expanding county-level ED adds the positive effects of PDF. Therefore, to boost GTFP growth, prefectural environmental protection authorities should have more autonomy in ENV, while the county-level should have more autonomy in PDF.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202305.1498.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Mathematics Keywords: hypergraph regularization; Lp smooth; nonnegative matrix factorization; data clustering
Online: 22 May 2023 (10:20:53 CEST)
Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) has been shown to be a strong data representation technique, with applications in text mining, pattern recognition, image processing, clustering and other fields. In this paper, we propose a hypergraph regularized Lp smooth nonnegative matrix factorization (HGSNMF), by incorporating hypergraph regularization and Lp smoothing constraint terms into the standard NMF. The hypergraph regularization term can capture the intrinsic geometry structure of the high dimension space data more comprehensively than simple graph, the Lp smoothing constraint may yield a smooth and more accurate solution to the optimization problem. The updating rules are given using multiplicative update techniques, and the convergence of HGSNMF is theoretically investigated. The experimental results on four different data sets show that the proposed method has better clustering effect than the related state-of-the-art methods in the vast majority of cases.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202308.1312.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Vision And Graphics Keywords: real-time tracking; lightweight transformers; attention mechanism; deep learning
Online: 18 August 2023 (07:05:24 CEST)
Real-time tracking is one of the most challenging problems in computer vision. Most Transformer-based trackers usually require expensive computational and storage power, which leads to the inability of these robust trackers to achieve real-time performance in resource-constrained devices. In this work, we propose a lightweight tracker, AnteaTrack. To localize the target more precisely, we develop a scaling-invariant max-filtering operator employing a sliding window combined with local max-pooling, which filters out the suspected target from the feature and performs an augmented representation while suppressing the background. For a more tight bounding box, we employ Pixel-Shuffle to increase the resolution of the feature map and get a more fine-grained representation of the target. In addition, AnteaTrack can run in real-time at 47 frames per second(FPS) on the CPU. We tested AnteaTrack on 5 datasets, and a large number of experiments have shown that AnteaTrack provides the most efficient solution compared to the same type of CPU real-time trackers. The code will be available at https://github.com/cnchange/AnteaTrack.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202003.0122.v1
Subject: Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Keywords: unconfined blast; confined blast; digital image correlation; dynamic response; blast loading
Online: 7 March 2020 (15:40:40 CET)
Defensive structure is important in transportation field for kinds of intentional or unintentional explosion. Structures subjected to unconfined and confined explosion will bear different blast loads and their dynamic responses are different. The present work focus on the dynamic response mechanism of steel plate under unconfined and confined blast loads through both numerical and experimental studies. In the experiment, Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique was applied to record and analyze the dynamic response process of large-scale field blast test. The DIC measured curve and the numerical calculated curves agrees well in both the trends and the peak values. Then, the dynamic response mechanism of steel plate under unconfined blast (UB) load and confined blast (CB) load were compared and discussed. Results show that the dynamic response of plate can be divided into three phases under both UB and CB loads, while with different mechanism. In phase I, plastic hinge starts from the center and moves to the boundary in UB condition, while in case of CB, plastic hinge occurs close to the boundary and moves in the opposite direction. In phase II, two plastic hinge lines propagates towards each other, and a platform exists between the boundary and the central area remains undeformed in UB condition, while in CB condition, larger deformation in peripheral region rather than central area produces.
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Medicine And Pharmacology Keywords: mycophenolate mofetil; SARS-CoV-2; DHODH; IMPDH2
Online: 21 April 2020 (08:19:11 CEST)
Mycophenolate mofetil was reported to have broad in vitro activity against different viruses and had been tried in combination with IFN-β in treating MERS infection. We tested the pharmacological activity of mycophenolate mofetil using SARS-CoV-2 infected Vero cells. The half-maximal effective concentration (EC50) of mycophenolate mofetil against SARS-CoV-2 was 0.47 μM while that of remdesivir was 0.77 μM. Molecular docking results of mycophenolate mofetil to potential target proteins of COVID-19 suggested that mycophenolate mofetil might inhibit SARS-CoV-2 mainly by interacting with DHODH and IMPDH2. Furthermore, mycophenolate mofetil as an immunosuppressant may be a good therapeutic option for the management of hyperinflammation in patients with severe COVID-19. Based on its high potency against SARS-CoV-2 in Vero E6 cells, its good pharmacokinetics and clinical safety profile, mycophenolate mofetil deserves further exploration as potential treatment for COVID-19.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202309.1892.v1
Subject: Environmental And Earth Sciences, Environmental Science Keywords: Pearl River delta; Holocene sedimentary sequences; deltaic evolution; coastline changes; human impact
Online: 28 September 2023 (02:19:02 CEST)
The Pearl River Delta (PRD) has undergone complex geological development within a multi-island faulted basin, shaped by the interplay of regional tectonic movements, Quaternary sea-level fluctuations, and fluvial-marine interactions. Despite a great number of studies on the Holocene sedimentary sequences and spatial difference of lithofacies and environments, scant attention has been paid to the overarching human influence on deltaic evolution and coastline modifications since the Neolithic epoch. To further elucidate the spatial variation in Holocene sedimentation and its underlying basement topography shaped during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), we compiled a comprehensive dataset incorporating borehole data from over 2,800 cores within the PRD. Subsequently, high-resolution isobath maps of Quaternary deltaic deposits were generated, offering unprecedented insights into sediment distribution. This dataset facilitated a nuanced reconstruction of pre-Holocene topography, revealing a zone characterized by elongated, deep-incised valleys governed by NW-SE fault orientations. Further, we delineated coastline shifts since the period of maximum marine transgression (~7000 years BP), contributing to an enhanced understanding of the formation and evolutionary patterns of the delta and the river network oscillations. Our findings illuminate increasing anthropogenic impact on the rate of fluvial sedimentation and land growth, particularly accentuated over the last two millennia, favoring deltaic accretion. The current study has considerable implications for understanding the dynamic interplay between land-sea interactions and anthropogenic activities in shaping the delta, and stands to significantly inform land and resource management strategies, as well as future urban planning within the delta's bay areas.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202306.1396.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Animal Science, Veterinary Science And Zoology Keywords: Ticks; Rhipicephalus microplus; Babesia bovis; Acute death
Online: 20 June 2023 (07:14:47 CEST)
In this study, a case of acute cattle death was investigated. The pathogen was identified, and its molecular characteristics and vector were analysed. This study provides a reference for the prevention and control of babesiosis and the healthy breeding of cattle. In this study, unengorged and engorged Rhipicephalus microplus ticks were collected from the Chongqing area. The unengorged ticks were cultured on cattle under laboratory conditions, and the engorged ticks were cultured to lay eggs. In the process, the cattle suddenly died at 12 days from the bite of an unengorged R. microplus tick. In addition, the larvae hatched from R. microplus eggs, which were cultured on the other cattle, and the experimental cattle died in approximately 14 days. Blood was collected from a second dying and stored at 4 ℃ for one week. Two millilitres of anticoagulated blood was injected subcutaneously into the third cow without piriformis infection. On the fourth day, the body temperature rose to 41 ℃ with slight lymphadenopathy. On the fifth day, the cow suddenly fell and died approximately 4 hours later. DNA was extracted from the blood of all dead cattle and amplified by PCR with piriformis universal primers. The results showed that the cattle were infected with Babesia bovis. The phylogenetic tree based on 18S rRNA showed that the Chongqing strain of B. bovis, which caused the death of cattle, was closely related to the Yunnan strain in China and had the same taxonomic status as the Spanish strain. This case report will draw people's attention to B. bovis once again, and positive control measures should be taken to reduce the losses of farmers to achieve the goal of healthy breeding.
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Immunology And Microbiology Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; Airborne; Mask
Online: 29 May 2020 (03:41:50 CEST)
The outbreak of COVID-19 has caused a global public health crisis. The spread of SARS-CoV-2 by contact is widely accepted, but the relative importance of aerosol transmission for the spread of COVID-19 is controversial. Here we characterize the distribution of SARA-CoV-2 in 123 aerosol samples, 63 masks, and 30 surface samples collected at various locations in Wuhan, China. The positive percentages of viral RNA included 21% of the aerosol samples from an intensive care unit and 39% of the masks from patients with a range of conditions. A viable virus was isolated from the surgical mask of one critically ill patient while all viral RNA positive aerosol samples were cultured negative. The SARS-CoV-2 detected in masks from patients, ambient air, and respirators from health workers compose a chain of emission, transport, and recipient of the virus. Our results indicate that masks are effective in protecting against the spread of viruses, and it is strongly recommended that people throughout the world wear masks to break the chain of virus transmission and thus protect themselves and others from SARS-CoV-2.