ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201909.0092.v1
Subject: Social Sciences, Education Studies Keywords: Internet-assisted; English reading teaching; innovative designs; impact; constructivism theory
Online: 9 September 2019 (07:55:44 CEST)
With the development of Internet technology, teachers are constantly seeking innovative teaching methods to match the potential of enhanced technology. Although many studies have been performed before , they aren’t enough in this field. The purpose of this paper is to explore innovative teaching designs and examine the impact of Internet-assisted English teaching of reading based on constructivism. The case is carried out in NO.9 middle school of Bengbu, a underdeveloped area of China, most of students aren’t interested in learning English .We compared Internet-assisted with traditional textbook literature methods to improve the reading proficiency of students, using a questionnaire survey,pre-test and post-tests comparisons. The result showed Internet-assisted English reading teaching is better than textbook. It can arouse students' interest and motivation,reading proficiency and exam result of students have been improved significantly, created a positive learning situation.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202301.0486.v1
Subject: Engineering, Other Keywords: YOLOv5s; Gz-ShuffleNetv2; XIoU; Attention Mechanis; Interface system
Online: 27 January 2023 (06:11:27 CET)
Aiming at the problems that the parameters of YOLOv5s model are too large and the computing resources of development board memory are limited, a new target detection method based on deep learning YOLOv5 algorithm model is proposed. First, the light-weight module Gz-ShffleNetv2 is used to construct cotton top bud feature extraction unit, which reduces the number of parameters and improves the running speed. It can be better applied in image classification, speed up detection and meet the requirements of mobile end of development board. Secondly, in order to solve the problem of decreasing detection accuracy caused by lightweight, BotNet and C3SE attention mechanism are added to focus on specific areas of cotton terminal bud. Combined with YYG loss function XIOU boundary frame regression loss, more feature information and rich feature MAP were obtained to further improve the accuracy of target detection. Through analysis of research and experimental results, the average accuracy map reached 91.3% under the Windos system NVIDIA Geforce RTX 2060 SUPER detection. While maintaining high precision identification, the number of parameters of YOLOv6 and YOLOv7-tiny network model is reduced by 83% and 53%, respectively, and the detection accuracy is increased by 1.2% and 7.7%, respectively. Compared with YOLOv5 reasoning image, the speed of image is increased by 0.035s, and the detection accuracy of MAP_0.5:0.95 is increased by 1%. At the same time, PyQt5 and YOLOv5 target detection algorithms are used to design a cotton top bud identification system, which makes cotton top bud detection more intuitive and convenient for subsequent hardware development and use.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202212.0313.v1
Subject: Biology, Other Keywords: SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice; DNLA (Dendrobium nobile Lindl. alkaloids); Cognition; Nissl staining; Phosphorylated Proteomics; Bioinformatics
Online: 19 December 2022 (03:32:01 CET)
Senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) mice exhibit cognitive defects and neuron loss with aging, and are used to study anti-aging effects of Dendrobium nobile alkaloids (DNLA). SAMP8 mice were orally given DNLA from ages 6 to 10 months. At 10 months of age, behavioral tests and neuron damage were evaluated. Protein was extracted and subjected to phosphorylated proteomic analysis. The cognitive deficits and neuron loss in hippocampus and cortex of aged SAMP8 mice were improved by DNLA. Hippocampal proteomic analysis showed differentially expressed protein/genes in SAMP8 compared to age-matched senescence-accelerated resistant mice, including altered tubulin binding, microtubule binding, etc. via Gene Oncology. KEGG revealed endocytosis, mRNA surveillance, tight junction, protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, aldosterone synthesis and secretion, and glucagon signaling pathway changes. Upregulated protein/genes in the hippocampus of SAMP8 mice, such as Lmtk3, Usp10, Dzip1, Csnk2b, and Rtn1, were attenuated by DNLA; whereas downregulated protein/genes, such as Kctd16, Psd3, Bsn, Atxn2l, and Kif1a, were rescued by DNLA. The aberrant protein/gene expressions of SAMP8 mice were correlated with transcriptome changes of Alzheimer’s disease in the GEO database, and were attenuated by DNLA. Thus, DNLA improved cognitive dysfunction and ameliorated neuronal injury in aged SAMP8 mice, and attenuated aberrant protein/gene expressions.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201901.0041.v1
Subject: Biology, Physiology Keywords: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; high fat-sucrose diet; metabolomics; HPLC-QTOF-MS; quercetin
Online: 4 January 2019 (14:04:13 CET)
As metabolomics is widely used in the study of disease mechanisms, more and more studies have found that metabolites play an important role in the occurrence of diseases. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects and mechanisms of quercetin in high-fat-sucrose diet (HFD)-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) development using nontargeted metabolomics. A rat model of NAFLD was established by feeding with a HFD for 30 and 50 days. Results indicated quercetin exhibited hepatoprotective activity in HFD-induced NAFLD rats in 30 days by regulating fatty acids related metabolites (adrenic acid, etc.), inflammation related metabolites (arachidonic acid, etc.), oxidative stress related metabolites (2-hydroxybutyric acid) and other differential metabolites (citric acid, etc.). However, quercetin couldn’t improve NAFLD in 50 days maybe it couldn’t reverse the inflammation condition induced by long-term high-fat diet. These data indicate that dietary quercetin may be beneficial to NAFLD at early stages. Furthermore, combining metabolomics and experimental approaches opens up avenues of effects and mechanisms of drugs for complex diseases.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints201612.0048.v1
Subject: Medicine & Pharmacology, Pharmacology & Toxicology Keywords: Cortex Periplocae; traditional Chinese medicines; periplocin; phytochemistry; biological activities
Online: 8 December 2016 (10:24:43 CET)
Cortex Periplocae, as a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has been widely used for autoimmune diseases, especially rheumatoid arthritis. Due to its potential pharmaceutical values, more studies about the biological activities of Cortex Periplocae have been conducted recently. Meanwhile, the adverse reaction of Cortex Periplocae is not a negligible problem in clinic. In this article, we reviewed a series of articles and summarized the recent studies of Cortex Periplocae in the areas of phytochemistry and pharmacology. More than 100 constituents have been isolated and identified from Cortex Periplocae, including steroids, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, and fatty acid compounds. The crude extracts of Cortex Periplocae and its active compounds exhibit various biological activities, such as cardiotonic effect, anticancer action, and anti-inflammatory effect. This paper aims to provide an overall review on the bioactive ingredients, pharmacological effect, and toxicity of this plant. Furthermore, this review suggests investigating and developing new clinical usages according to the above pharmacological effects.