Anaya-Mancipe, J.M.; Queiroz, V.M.; dos Santos, R.F.; Castro, R.N.; Cardoso, V.S.; Vermelho, A.B.; Dias, M.L.; Thiré, R.M.S.M. Electrospun Nanofibers Loaded with Plantago major L. Extract for Potential Use in Cutaneous Wound Healing. Pharmaceutics2023, 15, 1047.
Anaya-Mancipe, J.M.; Queiroz, V.M.; dos Santos, R.F.; Castro, R.N.; Cardoso, V.S.; Vermelho, A.B.; Dias, M.L.; Thiré, R.M.S.M. Electrospun Nanofibers Loaded with Plantago major L. Extract for Potential Use in Cutaneous Wound Healing. Pharmaceutics 2023, 15, 1047.
Plantago major L. is a worldwide available plant that has been used traditionally for several medical application due to its properties such as wound healing, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial etc. This work aimed to develop and evaluate nanostructured PCL electrospun dressing with P. major extract encapsulated in nanofibers for application in wound healing. The extract from leaves was obtained by extraction in a mixture of water:ethanol= 1:1 of the freeze-dried extract presented a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for Staphylococcus Aureus susceptible and resistant to methicillin of 5.3 mg/mL, a high antioxidant capacity, but a low content of total flavonoids. Electrospun mats without defects were successfully produced using two P. major extract concentrations based on MIC value. The extract incorporation in PCL nanofibers was confirmed by FTIR and contact angle measurements. The PCL/P. major extract was evaluated by DSC and TGA demonstrating that incorporation of the extract decreases the thermal stability of the mats as well as the degree of crystallinity of PCL-based fibers. The P. major extract incorporation on electrospun mats produced a significant swelling degree (more than 400%) and increased the capacity of adsorbing wound exudates and moisture, important characteristics for skin healing. The extract-controlled release evaluated by in vitro study in PBS (pH, 7.4) shows that P. major extract delivery from the mats occurs in the first 24 h, demonstrating their potential capacity to be used in wound healing.
Electrospinning; Nanofibers; Polycaprolactone; Plantago Major L; Drug delivery; Wound dressing
MATERIALS SCIENCE, Biomaterials
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