Preprint Article Version 4 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Gravitational Fields and Gravitational Waves

Version 1 : Received: 20 September 2021 / Approved: 22 September 2021 / Online: 22 September 2021 (11:45:29 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 13 October 2021 / Approved: 14 October 2021 / Online: 14 October 2021 (15:33:15 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 14 November 2021 / Approved: 15 November 2021 / Online: 15 November 2021 (13:55:36 CET)
Version 4 : Received: 3 December 2021 / Approved: 3 December 2021 / Online: 3 December 2021 (10:12:32 CET)
Version 5 : Received: 7 December 2021 / Approved: 9 December 2021 / Online: 9 December 2021 (10:41:35 CET)
Version 6 : Received: 14 December 2021 / Approved: 14 December 2021 / Online: 14 December 2021 (10:39:00 CET)
Version 7 : Received: 30 December 2021 / Approved: 30 December 2021 / Online: 30 December 2021 (11:58:29 CET)
Version 8 : Received: 31 December 2021 / Approved: 31 December 2021 / Online: 31 December 2021 (11:09:16 CET)
Version 9 : Received: 3 January 2022 / Approved: 4 January 2022 / Online: 4 January 2022 (11:10:13 CET)

How to cite: Yuan, T. Gravitational Fields and Gravitational Waves. Preprints 2021, 2021090379 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0379.v4). Yuan, T. Gravitational Fields and Gravitational Waves. Preprints 2021, 2021090379 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0379.v4).


The relative velocity between objects with finite velocity affects the reaction between them. This effect is known as general Doppler effect. The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) discovered gravitational waves and found their speed to be equal to the speed of light c. Gravitational waves are generated following a disturbance in the gravitational field; they affect the gravitational force on an object. Just as light waves are subject to the Doppler effect, so are gravitational waves. This article explores the following research questions concerning gravitational waves: What is the spatial distribution of gravitational waves? Can the speed of a gravitational wave represent the speed of the gravitational field (the speed of the action of the gravitational field upon the object)? What is the speed of the gravitational field? Do gravitational waves caused by the revolution of the Sun affect planetary precession? Can we modify Newton’s gravitational equation through the influence of gravitational waves?


law of gravitation; Doppler effect; gravitational wave; gravitational field; LIGO; gravitational constant; precession of the planets


PHYSICAL SCIENCES, Astronomy & Astrophysics

Comments (2)

Comment 1
Received: 3 December 2021
Commenter: Tony Yuan
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Newtonian gravity and GR can be unified. Newtonian gravity solves the problem of the force on objects in the space that is already full of gravitational fields, and GR's gravitational waves reveal the space spread of gravitational fields.
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Comment 2
Received: 8 December 2021
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The idea that the gravitational field spreads at the speed of light is dangerous. This will result in an obvious Doppler effect between the sun and the planets, and the planetary orbit will no longer be stable. Therefore, unless experiments have proved that the speed of the gravitational field is equal to the speed of light, I will not change the idea that the spreading speed of the gravitational field is much greater than the speed of light.
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