Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Influence of Nonpharmacological Complex Therapy Conducted at Community Day-Care Center on the Cognitive Functions and Mood in Older Adults

Version 1 : Received: 4 May 2020 / Approved: 5 May 2020 / Online: 5 May 2020 (10:32:05 CEST)

How to cite: Gorzkowska, A.; Zacharska-Quiaum, I.; Cholewa, J.; Cholewa, J. The Influence of Nonpharmacological Complex Therapy Conducted at Community Day-Care Center on the Cognitive Functions and Mood in Older Adults. Preprints 2020, 2020050067 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0067.v1). Gorzkowska, A.; Zacharska-Quiaum, I.; Cholewa, J.; Cholewa, J. The Influence of Nonpharmacological Complex Therapy Conducted at Community Day-Care Center on the Cognitive Functions and Mood in Older Adults. Preprints 2020, 2020050067 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0067.v1).

Abstract

Nonpharmacological therapeutic interventions in elderly may lead to the reduction of cognitive and depressive symptoms. The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in cognitive functions and mood er or not. in older adults participating in therapy, conducted in the community day-care center (CD-CC). 46 elderly adults (21 M, 25 W) (SG) were examined. The control group (CG) included 45 adults (12 M, 33 W), who participated in the activities of the University of the Third Age (U3A). The following measuring tools were used: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Clock-Drawing Test (CDT), Verbal Fluency Test (VFT), Digit Span Test (DST), Stroop Color and Word Test (SCWT), Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The intervention consisted of CD-CC 6-month complex therapy. In the SG, compared to the CG, the scores on the: MMSE, CDT, VFT, DST, and SCWT were significantly lower (p<0,05), and BDI was significantly higher (p<0,05). After intervention, the SG and the CG, did not show substantial differences in their scores on the: MMSE, CDT, and BDI. In the SG, a significant improvement (p<0,05) was reported on the: VFT, BDI, and HADS scores. The CD-CC complex therapy can be helpful for the cognitive and emotional elderly functioning.

Subject Areas

cognition; depression; agigng; elderly; nonpharmacological therapy; community day-care

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