ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202007.0582.v1
Online: 24 July 2020 (11:58:41 CEST)
Semaglutide is a glucagon-like peptide 1 analog used for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. With 94% sequence similarity to human GLP-1, semaglutide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist, which binds directly to GLP-1R, causing various beneficial downstream effects that reduce blood glucose. Practically, it is favourable for semaglutide to bind not just directly, but also tighter, to its receptor GLP-1R. Therefore, incorporating currently available experimental structural data of semaglutide-GLP-1R, this short article reports for the first time that biophysically, semaglutide is able to bind tighter to GLP-1R with just a simple Val27-Arg28 exchange in its peptide backbone.