ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202009.0342.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Biotechnology Keywords: Omeg@Silica; periodic mesoporous silica; omega-3; anchovy; fish oil
Online: 16 September 2020 (03:25:43 CEST)
Fish oil rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), vitamin D3 and natural astaxanthin sustainably extracted from anchovy fillet leftovers using biobased limonene only, can be conveniently stabilized by adsorption on periodic mesoporous silicas. The simplicity of the process, the high load of entrapped fish oil, and the biocompatible nature of silica support numerous forthcoming applications of this new class of “Omeg@Silica” materials.
CONCEPT PAPER | doi:10.20944/preprints202010.0327.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Biochemistry Keywords: omega-3; polyphenols; olive; PUFA; hydroxytyrosol; bioeconomy
Online: 15 October 2020 (15:12:25 CEST)
Thanks to the pioneering studies of Østerud and co-workers it is now increasingly understood that natural polyphenols present in marine oils play an essential role in protecting omega-3 lipids from oxidation and autooxidation ensuring that no proinflammatory products are formed after intake as it often happens with assumption of refined omega-3 concentrates. Strong antioxidants exerting multiple biological functions, olive biophenols are ideally suited to functionalize marine oils creating a synergy which has the potential to foster public health across the world. This study identifies suitable avenues to advance the sustainable production of health-beneficial formulations based on newly obtained natural marine oils and olive phenolic extracts. Important educational outcomes for bioeconomy educators conclude the study.
COMMUNICATION | doi:10.20944/preprints202003.0143.v1
Online: 8 March 2020 (16:54:24 CET)
A shrimp oil rich in omega-3 lipids and carotenoids is obtained in remarkably high 5 wt% yield extending to pink shrimp processing waste (head and carapace) the circular economy approach to extract fish oil from fish processing by-products using d-limonene. Biobased limonene, a powerful antimicrobial and antioxidant agent, is an excellent solvent for both lipids and astaxanthin-based carotenoids preventing oxidative degradation during the extraction cycle including solvent and oil separation at 85°C. A new low cost route is established to extract valued marine oil from biowaste annually made available in over 2.2 million tonnes.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202001.0157.v3
Subject: Life Sciences, Biochemistry Keywords: pectin; antioxidant; lemon; flavonoids; hydrodynamic cavitation; IntegroPectin
Online: 31 March 2020 (05:00:13 CEST)
Lemon pectin extracted along with water-soluble flavonoids and other phytochemicals from citrus industry’s waste lemon peel via hydrodynamic cavitation in water, directly at pre-industrial scale and further isolated via freeze drying, shows exceptionally high antioxidant and non-cytotoxic activity. Preliminary investigation indicates also significant antimicrobial activity. These findings open the route to the development of new nutraceutical and healthcare application of a versatile biopolymer endowed with new functionality, rapidly and conveniently obtained from an abundant by-product of the agrofood industry.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202003.0263.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Microbiology Keywords: pectin; antibacterial; lemon; flavonoids; hydrodynamic cavitation; IntegroPectin
Online: 17 March 2020 (03:43:39 CET)
Pectin extracted via hydrodynamic cavitation in water only from waste lemon peel and further isolated via freeze drying displays significant antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, a Gram positive pathogen which easily contaminates food. The antibacterial effect of the new IntegroPectin is largely superior to that of commercial citrus pectin, opening the way to advanced applications of a new bioproduct now obtainable in large amounts and at low cost from citrus juice industry’s waste.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202012.0034.v1
Subject: Chemistry, Applied Chemistry Keywords: IntegroPectin, lemon, grapefruit, pectin, waste citrus peel, -terpineol, hydrodynamic cavitation, circular economy
Online: 1 December 2020 (15:07:35 CET)
The HS-SPME GC-MS analysis of the volatile compounds adsorbed at the outer surface of lemon and grapefruit pectins obtained via hydrodynamic cavitation of industrial waste streams of lemon and grapefruit peels in water only suggests important new findings en route to understanding the powerful and broad biological activity of these new pectic materials. In agreement with the ultralow degree of esterification of these pectins, the high amount of highly bioactive α-terpineol and terpinen-4-ol points to limonene decomposition catalyzed by residual citric acid in the citrus waste peel residue of the juice industrial production.