Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Can WiMAX IEEE802 Be Used to Resolve Last-Mile Connectivity Issues in Botswana?

Version 1 : Received: 8 September 2021 / Approved: 10 September 2021 / Online: 10 September 2021 (11:24:15 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 18 October 2021 / Approved: 18 October 2021 / Online: 18 October 2021 (12:55:20 CEST)

How to cite: Mokeresete, M.; Esiefarienrhe, B.M. Can WiMAX IEEE802 Be Used to Resolve Last-Mile Connectivity Issues in Botswana?. Preprints 2021, 2021090185 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0185.v2). Mokeresete, M.; Esiefarienrhe, B.M. Can WiMAX IEEE802 Be Used to Resolve Last-Mile Connectivity Issues in Botswana?. Preprints 2021, 2021090185 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0185.v2).

Abstract

Amongst the advantages of using Worldwide Interoperability Microwave Access (WiMAX) technology at the last-mile level as access technology include an extensive range of 50 km Line of Sight (LOS), 5 to 15 km Non-Line of Sight and few infrastructure installations compared to other wireless broadband access technologies. Despite positive investments in ICT fibre infrastructure by developing countries, including Botswana, servicing end-users is subjected to high prices and service disparities. The alternative, the Wi-Fi hotspot initiative by the Botswana government, falls short as a solution for last-mile connectivity and access. This study used OPNET simulation Modeller 14,5 to investigate whether Botswana’s national broadband project could adopt WiMAX IEEE 802.16e as an access technology. Therefore, using the simulation method, this paper evaluates the WiMAX IEEE 802.16e/m over three subscriber locations in Botswana. The results obtained indicate that the deployment of the WiMAX IEEE 802.16e standard can solve most of the deployment issues and access at the last-mile level. Although the findings suggest that WiMAX IEEE 802.16e is more suitable for high-density areas, it could also solve rural areas’ infrastructure development challenges and provide the required high-speed connectivity access. However, unlike the Wi-Fi initiative, which requires more infrastructure deployment and less on institutional and regulatory frameworks, the deployment of WiMAX IEEE802.16e requires institutional and regulatory standards.

Keywords

WiMAX IEEE 802.16e; National Broadband Project; rural area connectivity; Connectivity challenges in developing countries

Subject

MATHEMATICS & COMPUTER SCIENCE, Information Technology & Data Management

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 18 October 2021
Commenter: Malebogo Mokeresete
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Changed
-the title
-methodology to Material and methods
-added more on results


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