Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Low-cost moulage in Healthcare Simulation: Review of Its Use, Utility, and Perceptions

Version 1 : Received: 7 September 2021 / Approved: 8 September 2021 / Online: 8 September 2021 (12:39:35 CEST)

How to cite: Jariwala, A.; Zidoun, Y.; Alfroukh, J.; Mascarenhas, S.; Zary, N. Low-cost moulage in Healthcare Simulation: Review of Its Use, Utility, and Perceptions. Preprints 2021, 2021090150 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0150.v1). Jariwala, A.; Zidoun, Y.; Alfroukh, J.; Mascarenhas, S.; Zary, N. Low-cost moulage in Healthcare Simulation: Review of Its Use, Utility, and Perceptions. Preprints 2021, 2021090150 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0150.v1).

Abstract

Background: Simulation plays a crucial role in health studies, as it helps medical students apply their theoretical knowledge in real-life situations. Moulage is one of the techniques that helps in making simulation more realistic or high-fidelity. It uses special effects to emulate wounds for a better understanding of what the wound is like visually. Still, moulage is expensive, time-consuming, resource-intensive, and requires the training of staff, which is why we need to find low-cost substitutes for moulage materials. Method: When searching the database “PubMed” for the terms “Low-cost and Medical moulage”, we retrieved 222 studies, out of which when excluding results not related to low-cost, we obtained 62 studies, from which when removing studies that do not contain information regarding moulage, we found two papers, after referring to citations and cited articles of those papers, we ended up with six studies. Based on the selected articles and additional articles sourced from their reference list, a total of 11 studies were included in the review. Results: We understand that moulage is a technique that helps make simulations come alive, but the resources required to use it are at times, expensive, which is why we need to find methods to do low-cost moulage, and many studies address that it can be as simple as using homemade ingredients. Students from a previous study have talked about their opinions regarding the realistic component of moulage and whether if it is any different from other moulages. Most of the students agreed that the moulage ranked well in face and content validity. However, further innovations must be introduced in the field to be widely spread and lead to newer opportunities. Conclusion: Although the research done under moulage is limited, it is accepted that moulage is helpful for simulation-based studies and that low-cost moulage can help make medical studies a better experience for students studying it. Students have a favorable opinion on the realistic aspect of the low-cost moulage applied to them. Newer methods can be introduced to moulage, and it can be implemented in low-income countries.

Keywords

medical moulage; low-cost; healthcare simulation; simulation-based learning

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