Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Evaluating Farmer Attitudes and Knowledge on Reducing Antimicrobial Use in Dairy and Sheep Farms in New Zealand

Version 1 : Received: 23 June 2021 / Approved: 23 June 2021 / Online: 23 June 2021 (13:26:05 CEST)

How to cite: Moono, P.; Fruean, S.N.; McCorkindale, D.; Bryan, M.A. Evaluating Farmer Attitudes and Knowledge on Reducing Antimicrobial Use in Dairy and Sheep Farms in New Zealand. Preprints 2021, 2021060588 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0588.v1). Moono, P.; Fruean, S.N.; McCorkindale, D.; Bryan, M.A. Evaluating Farmer Attitudes and Knowledge on Reducing Antimicrobial Use in Dairy and Sheep Farms in New Zealand. Preprints 2021, 2021060588 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0588.v1).

Abstract

This work examines dairy and sheep farmer attitudes toward antimicrobial use (AMU) in New Zealand. There is increasing public demand on livestock producers to reduce AMU in livestock. The demand stems from concerns about potential antimicrobial resistance (AMR) that could originate from food animals. There is limited practical data on farmer knowledge of AMU. An electronic survey was sent to dairy (n= 378) and sheep farmers (n= 551). Seventy-six dairy farmers (20%, n=76/378) returned the survey. Dairy farmers (69%) showed low levels of concern about antimicrobial resistance and awareness of the need to reduce AMU. Additionally, 76% of dairy farmers didn’t think it was possible to reduce AMU. Thirty-nine sheep farmers (7%, 39/551) returned the survey. 76% of sheep farmers were supportive of restricted use of AMU. The dairy and sheep farmers sourced most of the advice from veterinarians (>90%), the livestock industry (>80%) and their colleagues (>70%). This study shows that farmers showed varied concerns about AMR and AMU. Moreover, sheep farmers were more amenable to increased restriction on AMU than dairy farmers. This study suggests that knowledge gaps in farmers may best be filled by veterinarian input.

Subject Areas

Antimicrobial use; knowledge; farmer-attitude; dairy-farmer; sheep

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