Meiramkulova, K.; Temirbekova, A.; Saspugayeva, G.; Kydyrbekova, A.; Devrishov, D.; Tulegenova, Z.; Aubakirova, K.; Kovalchuk, N.; Meirbekov, A.; Mkilima, T. Performance of a Combined Treatment Approach on the Elimination of Microbes from Poultry Slaughterhouse Wastewater. Sustainability2021, 13, 3467.
Meiramkulova, K.; Temirbekova, A.; Saspugayeva, G.; Kydyrbekova, A.; Devrishov, D.; Tulegenova, Z.; Aubakirova, K.; Kovalchuk, N.; Meirbekov, A.; Mkilima, T. Performance of a Combined Treatment Approach on the Elimination of Microbes from Poultry Slaughterhouse Wastewater. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3467.
The efficiency of microbial inactivation in water is highly dependent on the type of treatment technology used as well as the characteristics of the water to be treated. Wastewater from poultry slaughterhouses carries a significant number of microorganisms posing threat to humans and the environment in general. Therefore, the treatment of poultry slaughterhouse wastewater requires the use of appropriate purification systems with high removal efficiency for microbial agents. In this study, the performance of an integrated treatment plant with electrolysis, ultrafiltration, and ultraviolet radiation as the principal treatment units is investigated in terms of microbial inactivation from poultry slaughterhouse wastewater. In this case, Total microbial number, Total coliform bacteria, Thermo-tolerant coliform bacteria, Pathogenic flora, including Salmonella coliphages, Spores of sulfite-reducing clostridia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus Enterococcus were studied. About 63.95% to 99.83% of the microbes were removed by the EC treatment unit, as well as 99.86% to 100% removal efficiency was achieved after the combined treatment. However, the Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the only microbial agent detected in the final effluent after the combined treatment. The phenomenon suggests that an upgrade to the treatment plant may be required to achieve 100% removal assurance for Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.