Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Physico-Chemical Properties of a Hybrid Biomaterial (Pva/Chitosan) Reinforced With Conductive Fillers

Version 1 : Received: 26 January 2021 / Approved: 28 January 2021 / Online: 28 January 2021 (12:39:17 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Olarte-Paredes, A.; Salgado-Delgado, J.; Rubio-Rosas, E.; Salgado-Delgado, A.; Hernández-Cocoletzi, H.; Salgado-Delgado, R.; Moreno-Carpintero, E.; Castaño, V.M. Physico-Chemical Properties of a Hybrid Biomaterial (PVA/Chitosan) Reinforced with Conductive Fillers. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3040. Olarte-Paredes, A.; Salgado-Delgado, J.; Rubio-Rosas, E.; Salgado-Delgado, A.; Hernández-Cocoletzi, H.; Salgado-Delgado, R.; Moreno-Carpintero, E.; Castaño, V.M. Physico-Chemical Properties of a Hybrid Biomaterial (PVA/Chitosan) Reinforced with Conductive Fillers. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3040.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3040
DOI: 10.3390/app11073040

Abstract

A novel hybrid material based on Polyvinyl alcohol-Chitosan (PVA-Cs) was made, reinforced with conductive polymer fillers such as polypyrrole (PPy), Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS), carbon black (CB) and multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MW CNT). Our proposal is to use these fillers, which have not been studied in this context before, for obtaining composite materials, and to characterize them for the development of applications in microelectronics. FTIR analysis made evident the different func-tional groups present in the matrix and the fillers used. The use of quaternary mixtures (4 fillers) increased the contact angle, which increased the degree of hydrophobicity of the biocomposite. The Nyquist diagram of the analyzed samples showed a decrease in resistance and energy diffu-sion; the latter due to the transfer of electrons caused by the conductive polymers CB and the MWCNT. In the mechanical tension tests, Young's modulus values of 18.386 MPa were obtained, in contrast with the material matrix of PVA-Cs, which showed values of 11.628 MPa. Further-more, morphological analysis by SEM showed that the materials obtained were homogeneous, with no phase formation. The materials obtained showed higher electrical conductivity in the presence of the OH and NH2 groups, which could have possible applications in biopolymer elec-trodes.

Keywords

electrical conductivity; young module; conductive filled; hydrophobic

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