: Received: 25 September 2020 / Approved: 26 September 2020 / Online: 26 September 2020 (16:03:31 CEST)
: Received: 28 September 2020 / Approved: 29 September 2020 / Online: 29 September 2020 (08:49:24 CEST)
Fall, M.L.; Xu, D.; Lemoyne, P.; Moussa, I.E.B.; Beaulieu, C.; Carisse, O. A Diverse Virome of Leafroll-Infected Grapevine Unveiled by dsRNA Sequencing. Viruses2020, 12, 1142.
Fall, M.L.; Xu, D.; Lemoyne, P.; Moussa, I.E.B.; Beaulieu, C.; Carisse, O. A Diverse Virome of Leafroll-Infected Grapevine Unveiled by dsRNA Sequencing. Viruses 2020, 12, 1142.
Quebec is the third-largest wine grape producing province in Canada, and the industry is constantly expanding. Traditionally, 90% of the grapevine cultivars grown in Quebec were rustic or semi-rustic and largely dominated by winter hardy interspecific hybrid Vitis sp. cultivars. Over the years, the winter protection techniques adopted by growers and climate changes have offered an opportunity to establish V. vinifera L. cultivars (e.g. Pinot Noir). We characterized the virome of leafroll-infected interspecific hybrid cultivar and compared it to the virome of V. vinifera cultivar to support and facilitate the transition of the industry. A dsRNA sequencing method was used to sequence symptomatic and asymptomatic grapevine leaves of different cultivars. The results suggested a complex virome in terms of composition, abundance, richness, and phylogenetic diversity. Three viruses, grapevine Rupestris stem pitting-associated virus, grapevine leafroll-associated virus (GLR) 3 and 2 and hop stunt viroid (HSVd) largely dominated the virome. However, their presence and abundance varied among grapevine cultivars. The symptomless grapevine cultivar Vidal was frequently infected by multiple virus and viroid species and different strains of the same virus, including GLR virus 3 and 2. Our data shows that viruses and viroids associated with the highest number of grapevines expressing symptoms included HSVd, GLR3 and GLR2, in gradient order. However, co-occurrence analysis revealed that the presence of GLR species was randomly associated with the development of virus-like symptoms. These findings and their implication for grapevine leafroll disease management were discussed.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.