Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Value of PV Power Forecast and the Paradox of the “Single Pricing” Scheme: The Italian Case Study

Version 1 : Received: 6 July 2020 / Approved: 7 July 2020 / Online: 7 July 2020 (16:23:08 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Pierro, M.; Moser, D.; Perez, R.; Cornaro, C. The Value of PV Power Forecast and the Paradox of the “Single Pricing” Scheme: The Italian Case Study. Energies 2020, 13, 3945. Pierro, M.; Moser, D.; Perez, R.; Cornaro, C. The Value of PV Power Forecast and the Paradox of the “Single Pricing” Scheme: The Italian Case Study. Energies 2020, 13, 3945.

Journal reference: Energies 2020, 13, 3945
DOI: 10.3390/en13153945

Abstract

One of the major problem of photovoltaic grid integration is limiting the solar-induced imbalances since these can undermine the security and stability of the electrical system. Improving the forecast accuracy of photovoltaic generation is becoming essential to allow a massive solar penetration. In particular, improving the forecast accuracy of large solar farms generation is important both for the producers/traders to minimize the imbalance costs and for the Transmission System Operators to insure stability. In this article, we provide a benchmark for the day-ahead forecast accuracy of utility scale PV plants in 1325 locations spanning the country of Italy. We then use these benchmarked forecasts and real energy prices to compute the economic value of forecast accuracy and accuracy improvement in the context of the Italian energy market regulatory framework. Through this study, we further point out some several important criticisms of the Italian “single pricing” system that brings to paradoxical and counterproductive effects regarding the need to reduce the imbalance volumes. Finally, we propose a new market-pricing rule and innovative actions to overcome these undesired effects of the current dispatching regulations.

Subject Areas

photovoltaic power forecast; energy markets; solar imbalance

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