Preprint Communication Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Sexual Dimorphism in the Multielemental Stoichiometric Phenotypes and Stoichiometric Niches of Spiders

Version 1 : Received: 3 July 2020 / Approved: 5 July 2020 / Online: 5 July 2020 (12:45:56 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 28 July 2020 / Approved: 29 July 2020 / Online: 29 July 2020 (09:40:28 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Sobczyk, Ł.; Filipiak, M.; Czarnoleski, M. Sexual Dimorphism in the Multielemental Stoichiometric Phenotypes and Stoichiometric Niches of Spiders. Insects 2020, 11, 484. Sobczyk, Ł.; Filipiak, M.; Czarnoleski, M. Sexual Dimorphism in the Multielemental Stoichiometric Phenotypes and Stoichiometric Niches of Spiders. Insects 2020, 11, 484.

Journal reference: Insects 2020, 11, 484
DOI: 10.3390/insects11080484

Abstract

Nutritional limitations may shape populations and communities of organisms. This phenomenon is often studied by treating populations and communities as pools of homogenous individuals with average nutritional optima and experiencing average constraints and trade-offs that influence their fitness in a standardized way. However, populations and communities consist of individuals belonging to different sexes, each with specific nutritional demands and limitations. Taking this into account, we used the ecological stoichiometry framework to study sexual differences in the stoichiometric phenotypes, reflecting stoichiometric niches, of four spider taxa differing in hunting mode. The species and sexes differed fundamentally in their elemental phenotypes, including elements beyond those most commonly studied (C, N and P). Both species and sexes were distinguished by the C:N ratio and concentrations of Cu, K and Zn. Species additionally differed in concentrations of Na, Mg and Mn. Phosphorous was not involved in this differentiation. Sexual dimorphism in spiders’ elemental phenotypes, related to differences in their stoichiometric niches, suggests different nutritional optima and differences in nutritional limitation experienced by different sexes and species. This may influence the structure and functioning of spider populations and communities.

Subject Areas

ecological stoichiometry; predator; spider; sex; nutrition; nutritional ecology; arthropod; nutrient cycling; trophic link; food web

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