Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Increasing the Energy Savings and Yield of Lactuca sativa, L. in Glass Greenhouses through Illumination Spectral Filtering

Version 1 : Received: 28 March 2020 / Approved: 29 March 2020 / Online: 29 March 2020 (03:35:34 CEST)

How to cite: Thomas, J.A.; Vasiliev, M.; Nur-E-Alam, M.; Alameh, K. Increasing the Energy Savings and Yield of Lactuca sativa, L. in Glass Greenhouses through Illumination Spectral Filtering. Preprints 2020, 2020030417 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0417.v1). Thomas, J.A.; Vasiliev, M.; Nur-E-Alam, M.; Alameh, K. Increasing the Energy Savings and Yield of Lactuca sativa, L. in Glass Greenhouses through Illumination Spectral Filtering. Preprints 2020, 2020030417 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0417.v1).

Abstract

With the dramatic increase in world population, continued advances in modern greenhouse agriculture and plant growth practices are expected to help overcome the global problem of future food shortages. Next generation greenhouse design practices will need to address a range of issues, ranging from energy and land use efficiency to providing plant-optimised growth techniques. In this paper, we focus on investigating the optimum irradiation spectra matched to the lettuce species (Lactuca sativa, L.), which is commonly grown in greenhouse environments, in order to develop low-emissivity glass panes that maximize the biomass productivity of glass greenhouses. This low-emissivity glass passes the solar spectral components needed for crop growth, while rejecting other unwanted radiations, leading to significant energy savings and other beneficial effects related to greenhouse climate control, in a range of climates. This is due to reducing both the solar heat gain and photosaturation, which can raise the temperature of the crops to harmful levels. Experimental results show that substantial biomass productivity improvements in lettuce (up to ~14.7%) can be attained using spectrally optimized illumination, compared with white light irradiation. We also report on the development of advanced metal-dielectric thin-film filters that produce the optimum illumination spectrum when exposed to sunlight.

Subject Areas

Greenhouse agriculture; Lactuca sativa; spectral optimization; energy efficiency

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