Kerebba, N.; Oyedeji, A.O.; Byamukama, R.; Kuria, S.K.; Oyedeji, O.O. Chemical Variation and Implications on Repellency Activity of Tephrosia vogelii (Hook f.) Essential Oils Against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. Agriculture2020, 10, 164.
Kerebba, N.; Oyedeji, A.O.; Byamukama, R.; Kuria, S.K.; Oyedeji, O.O. Chemical Variation and Implications on Repellency Activity of Tephrosia vogelii (Hook f.) Essential Oils Against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. Agriculture 2020, 10, 164.
Chemical variability in the components of T. vogelii essential oils from eastern Uganda was identified using principal component analysis (PCA) and Agglomerative hierarchical clustering (AHC). Based on the profiles of the compounds of farnesene family three chemotypes were found: farnesol (chemotype 1), springene (β- Springene and α-Springene) and the β-Farnesene were distinctive in chemotype 2 and a mixed variety of farnesol and the Springene. In the three cases, alkybenzenes; o-xylene, m-xylene and ethylbenzene were significant components in the oil. 1,4-dihydroxy-p-menth-2-ene, 5,9-undecadien-2-one, 6,10-dimethyl, and 3-cyclohexen-1-carboxaldehyde,3,4-dimethyl were other prominent constituents. The yields of the essential oils did not vary significantly however the chemical composition varied with harvesting time during the rainy and dry seasons. In choice repellency tests, chemotype 1 and chemotype 2 were more active against Sitophilus zeamais than mixed chemotype. Farnesol was found to be effective only at a higher concentration as a repellent against S. zeamais. However, further study that aims to optimize and standardize the varieties and harvesting period needed for recommendation to smallhold farmers.
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