Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Solution to Crisis of a Particle’s Simultaneously Passing Double Slits and Objective Criteria Distinguishing Classical and Quantum Particles

Version 1 : Received: 10 February 2020 / Approved: 10 February 2020 / Online: 10 February 2020 (15:27:07 CET)

How to cite: Huang, Y.; Huang, C.; Nie, Y. Solution to Crisis of a Particle’s Simultaneously Passing Double Slits and Objective Criteria Distinguishing Classical and Quantum Particles. Preprints 2020, 2020020131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0131.v1). Huang, Y.; Huang, C.; Nie, Y. Solution to Crisis of a Particle’s Simultaneously Passing Double Slits and Objective Criteria Distinguishing Classical and Quantum Particles. Preprints 2020, 2020020131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0131.v1).

Abstract

This paper uncovers that quantum uncertain principle makes the single particle with global property have no certain path, and then wave of quantum particle can simultaneously do pass the double slits. The two subwaves after passing Young’s double slits are entanglement, they may form interference of subwaves. Consequently, we find a kind of quantum probabilistic entanglements with Wheeler's delayed choice. Quantum particles such as photons, electrons, neutrons, protons etc mean that wave of the quantum particle can do pass through Young's double slits at the same time, rather than individual quantum particle may pass through Young's double slits at the same time. When considering wave property, we cannot consider particle property (Just as in the photoelectric effect, considering the particle nature of the system, people cannot consider wave property, otherwise the photoelectric effect cannot appear). Therefore, this paper novelly discovers that the ability of single photon to hit electrons out in photoelectric effect is complementarily equivalent to the ability of wave of the single photon to simultaneously pass through Young's double slits in wave-particle duality. Objective criteria for distinguishing classical and quantum particles are discovered. The crisis of the single particle’s simultaneously passing through Young's double slits, which has been plaguing physicists in the whole world up to now for decades, is solved, in which the studies are classified as classical and quantum particles, the classical particle and quantum particle wave cannot and can pass the Young’s slits, respectively. This paper discovers both the new physics mechanism of passing the double slits of the plane wave with the amplitude of 4-dimensional momentum representation wave function reflecting particle nature and the principle of self-adaptive emergence of wave-particle duality, which are key in quantum physics. All the deduced results here are consistent with all relevant physics experiments.

Subject Areas

quantum mechanics; wave-particle duality; Young's Double Slits; interference of double subwaves; quantum probabilistic entanglement

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