Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Monoclonal Antibody Recognized Apoptosis-Associated Protein in PCV2-Infected Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells

Version 1 : Received: 11 November 2019 / Approved: 12 November 2019 / Online: 12 November 2019 (16:20:27 CET)

How to cite: Hung, L. The Monoclonal Antibody Recognized Apoptosis-Associated Protein in PCV2-Infected Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Preprints 2019, 2019110131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0131.v1). Hung, L. The Monoclonal Antibody Recognized Apoptosis-Associated Protein in PCV2-Infected Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Preprints 2019, 2019110131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0131.v1).

Abstract

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a small non-enveloped DNA virus that causes swine immunosuppression by inducing apoptosis in lymphocytes. The ORF3 protein plays a major role in PCV2-induced apoptosis in porcine kidney cells, but there is little information regarding this protein in PCV2-infected lymphocytes. In this study, hybridoma screening and epitope mapping were determined by using an indirect ELISA. The mAb 7D3 against ORF3 peptide (residues 35–65) of PCV2 were generated in this study. In vivo situation, the mAb 7D3 recognized ORF3 protein existed in PCV2-infected apoptotic porcine PBMCs. It is noteworthy that thimerosal interfered with the binding of mAb 7D3 to epitope and it was diminished by adding cysteine. Additionally, thimerosal interacting with cysteine-containing peptide was demonstrated by the PTI assay. Furthermore, thimerosal specifically interacted with the antigen-binding sites of mAb 7D3. This study suggested that thimerosal blockade the occlusion of the antigen-binding sites of mAb 7D3 to bind ORF3 peptide (residues 35–65) via thimerosal interacting with cysteine residues which should be located within the antigen-binding sites of mAb 7D3. Overall, the mAb 7D3 has been characterized and it will be a valuables tool in future studies of ORF3 function and the wider mechanism of cell apoptosis caused by PCV2 infection. Similarly, these techniques will be useful for applications in detecting thimerosal too.

Subject Areas

epitope; monoclonal antibodies; open reading frame 3 protein; apoptosis; p53; porcine circovirus type 2; thimerosal; interfere; antibody binding; lymphocyte

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