Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Potential of Fungal Endophytes to Antagonise Puccinia striiformis Causing Wheat Yellow Rust

Version 1 : Received: 30 September 2019 / Approved: 2 October 2019 / Online: 2 October 2019 (05:13:13 CEST)

How to cite: Anwaar, H.A.; Perveen, R.; Mansha, M.Z.; Aatif, H.M.; Sarwar, Z.M.; Umar, U.U.D.; Hanif, C.M.S.; Sajid, M.; Rehman, A.; Alam, M.M.; Shafique, M.S. Potential of Fungal Endophytes to Antagonise Puccinia striiformis Causing Wheat Yellow Rust. Preprints 2019, 2019100014 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0014.v1). Anwaar, H.A.; Perveen, R.; Mansha, M.Z.; Aatif, H.M.; Sarwar, Z.M.; Umar, U.U.D.; Hanif, C.M.S.; Sajid, M.; Rehman, A.; Alam, M.M.; Shafique, M.S. Potential of Fungal Endophytes to Antagonise Puccinia striiformis Causing Wheat Yellow Rust. Preprints 2019, 2019100014 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0014.v1).

Abstract

In this study, we evaluated the potential of fungal endophytes to control yellow rust in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as endophytes are beneficial microbes and alternate to pesticides for confronting pathogens. The in-vitro efficacy of the fungal endophytes isolated from different desert plants was evaluated and the best four namely Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, Piriformospora indica, Acremonium lolii and Trichoderma viride were selected. Seeds of two susceptible wheat genotypes namely Fareed-06 and Shafaq-06 obtained from screening experiment were inoculated by dipping in four endophytic spore suspensions and were sown using randomized complete block design under factorial arrangement. Data concerning about area under disease progress curve, final disease severity percentage, coefficient of infection,1000- grains weight and grain yield were recorded. Results showed that endophyte P. indica showed significant decrease in final disease severity (FDS) and area under disease progress curve (AUDPC), resultantly 12.2% grain yield gain in rust susceptible wheat genotypes of Fareed-06 and Shafaq-06 followed by the endophytes T. viride, C. lindemuthianum and A. lolii with the grain yield gain of 10.6%, 06.2% and 04.2% respectively. In crux, fungal endophytes are valuable microbes which can be employed to induce tolerance against P. striiformis in yellow rust vulnerable areas for better and sustainable wheat production.

Subject Areas

Piriformospora indica; Trichoderma viride; final disease severity; grain yield and tolerance

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.