Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA): A Review and Analysis of Policies, Practices and Local Indicators in Nepalese Context

Version 1 : Received: 21 September 2019 / Approved: 22 September 2019 / Online: 22 September 2019 (17:10:00 CEST)

How to cite: Maharjan, S.K. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA): A Review and Analysis of Policies, Practices and Local Indicators in Nepalese Context. Preprints 2019, 2019090257 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0257.v1). Maharjan, S.K. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA): A Review and Analysis of Policies, Practices and Local Indicators in Nepalese Context. Preprints 2019, 2019090257 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0257.v1).

Abstract

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is a new and emerging concept in climate discourse to address the issues of climate change impacts in agriculture. Few researchers and organizations have concentrated on CSA policies and practices in Nepal. This study aims to review and analyze the policies and practices in relation to CSA and define local level CSA indicators in the Central and Western Nepal. This study adopted the scoping review of climate policies and practices in Nepal and also utilized the household survey information particularly focusing on climate adaptation relating to agriculture. Through the scoping review, it is recognized that the number of climate policies in Nepal has specifically prioritized agriculture and food security as an important thematic area. Among those policies, National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), National Framework for Local Adaptation Plan of Action (LAPA) and National Adaptation Plan (NAP) have specific sections on CSA practices, however, these policies/plans lack specific indicators. Different categories of CSA practices are common in Nepal, but many of these practices are popular as agricultural and environmental practices prior to the CSA concept and approach. The output indicators specific to CSA practices help the communities and policymakers to measure and monitor the progress of its implementation. Additional researches are required in this field to better understand the CSA concept, approaches, and mechanisms in the Nepalese context.

Subject Areas

climate-smart; agriculture; adaptation; policies and practices; indicators

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