Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Different Salinities Gradient on Fatty Acid Composition, Growth, Survival and Reproductive Performance of Moina macrocopa (Straus 1820) (Crustacea, Cladocera)

Version 1 : Received: 19 June 2019 / Approved: 21 June 2019 / Online: 21 June 2019 (08:12:15 CEST)

How to cite: Wan Rasdi, N.; Suhaimi, H.; Hagiwara, A.; Ikhwanuddin, M.; Ghaffar, M.A.; Yuslan, A.; Najuwa, S. Effect of Different Salinities Gradient on Fatty Acid Composition, Growth, Survival and Reproductive Performance of Moina macrocopa (Straus 1820) (Crustacea, Cladocera). Preprints 2019, 2019060205 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0205.v1). Wan Rasdi, N.; Suhaimi, H.; Hagiwara, A.; Ikhwanuddin, M.; Ghaffar, M.A.; Yuslan, A.; Najuwa, S. Effect of Different Salinities Gradient on Fatty Acid Composition, Growth, Survival and Reproductive Performance of Moina macrocopa (Straus 1820) (Crustacea, Cladocera). Preprints 2019, 2019060205 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0205.v1).

Abstract

Salinity is a known factor which shapes population dynamics and community structure through direct and indirect effects towards aquatic ecosystems. The responses of Moina macrocopa (Cladocera) collected from Setiu Wetland lagoon (Terengganu) were evaluated through manipulative laboratory experiments to understand the ability of M. macrocopa to tolerate under high salinity stress. Specifically, the fatty acid composition, growth, survival and reproduction of this cladocerans species were examined. Sodium chloride (NaCl) were used in the treatments water with the concentration 0, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 15psu. Fatty acid levels were determined using Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrophotometry (GC-MS). Results clearly indicate that normal conditions give the highest content of fatty acid, especially the polyunsaturated fatty acid content like EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid), ALA (alpha-linoleic acid), ARA (arachidonic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). Furthermore, M. macrocopa survival also was best at 0psu, with percentage reached 98%, whereas the opposite occurred at 15psu, with approximately 9% of viable animals survived. On other aspects, M. macrocopa also showed the highest reproduction rate at 0psu (e.g. average initial age of reproduction, 4.33±0.58 days) compared with other salinities level. Interestingly, the difference in terms of growth at different salinities was unapparent, an unexpected outcome when adverse effects such as osmoregulation pressure on the organism are considered. Based on the results, we conclude that M. macrocopa can only tolerate salinity below 8psu and, is unable to withstand stressful environmental condition engendered with salinities above 8psu.

Subject Areas

freshwater zooplankton; Moina; salinity tolerance; NaCl; fatty acid

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