Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Self-Reported and Parent-Reported School Bullying in Adolescents with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Roles of Autistic Social Impairment, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms

Version 1 : Received: 28 February 2019 / Approved: 1 March 2019 / Online: 1 March 2019 (12:24:17 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Chou, W.-J.; Hsiao, R.C.; Ni, H.-C.; Liang, S. .-Y.; Lin, C.-F.; Chan, H.-L.; Hsieh, Y.-H.; Wang, L.-J.; Lee, M.-J.; Hu, H.-F.; Yen, C.-F. Self-Reported and Parent-Reported School Bullying in Adolescents with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Roles of Autistic Social Impairment, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1117. Chou, W.-J.; Hsiao, R.C.; Ni, H.-C.; Liang, S. .-Y.; Lin, C.-F.; Chan, H.-L.; Hsieh, Y.-H.; Wang, L.-J.; Lee, M.-J.; Hu, H.-F.; Yen, C.-F. Self-Reported and Parent-Reported School Bullying in Adolescents with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Roles of Autistic Social Impairment, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1117.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1117
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16071117

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of self-reported and parent-reported bullying victimization, perpetration, and victimization-perpetration and the associations of autistic social impairment and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms with bullying involvement in adolescents with high functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A total of 219 adolescents with high functioning ASD participated in this study. The associations of sociodemographic characteristics, parent-reported autistic social impairment on the Chinese Social Responsiveness Scale, and parent-reported ADHD and ODD symptoms on the Short form of the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham Version IV Scale (SNAP-IV)-Chinese version with self-reported and parent-reported bullying victimization, perpetration, and victimization-perpetration evaluated using the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire were examined using logistic regression analysis. The agreement between self-reported and parent-reported bullying involvement was low. Compared with bullying involvement experiences reported by adolescents themselves, parents reported higher rates of pure bullying victimization (23.7% vs. 17.8%) and victimization-perpetration (28.8% vs. 9.1%) but a lower rate of pure bullying perpetration (5.9% vs. 9.1%). Deficit in socio-communication increases the risk of being pure victims and victim-perpetrators. Parent-reported victim-perpetrators had more severe ODD symptoms than did parent-reported pure victims. The agreement between self-reported and parent-reported bullying involvement of adolescents with high functioning ASD was low. Deficit in socio-communication and ODD symptoms were significantly associated with a high risk of bullying involvement in adolescents with high functioning ASD.

Subject Areas

Bullying; autism spectrum disorder; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; oppositional defiant disorder; social impairment.

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