Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Biochemical Effects of Petroselinum crispum (Umbellifereae) Fruit Oil on the Pyrethroid Susceptible and Resistant Strains of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)

Version 1 : Received: 7 November 2018 / Approved: 8 November 2018 / Online: 8 November 2018 (10:41:59 CET)

How to cite: Intirach, J.; Junkum, A.; Lumjuan, N.; Chaithong, U.; Somboon, P.; Jitpakdi, A.; Riyong, D.; Champakaew, D.; Muangmoon, R.; Chansang, A.; Pitasawat, B. Biochemical Effects of Petroselinum crispum (Umbellifereae) Fruit Oil on the Pyrethroid Susceptible and Resistant Strains of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Preprints 2018, 2018110204 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0204.v1). Intirach, J.; Junkum, A.; Lumjuan, N.; Chaithong, U.; Somboon, P.; Jitpakdi, A.; Riyong, D.; Champakaew, D.; Muangmoon, R.; Chansang, A.; Pitasawat, B. Biochemical Effects of Petroselinum crispum (Umbellifereae) Fruit Oil on the Pyrethroid Susceptible and Resistant Strains of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Preprints 2018, 2018110204 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0204.v1).

Abstract

As part of the ongoing screening research for local edible plants in Thailand, Petroselinum crispum fruit oil was considered as a potential bioinsecticide with proven antimosquito activity against both the pyrethroid susceptible and resistant strains of Aedes aegypti. Due to the comparative mosquitocidal efficacy on these mosquitoes, this plant oil is promoted as a natural alternative and attractive candidate for further study in monitoring resistance of mosquito vectors. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of P. crispum oil on the biochemical characteristics of the target mosquito larvae of Ae. aegypti, by determining quantitative changes of key enzymes responsible for xenobiotic detoxification, including glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs), α- and β-esterases (α-/β-ESTs), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), acid and alkaline phosphatases (ACP and ALP) and mixed-function oxidases (MFO). Three populations of Ae. aegypti, comprising the pyrethroid susceptible Muang Chiang Mai-susceptible (MCM-S) strain and the pyrethroid resistant Pang Mai Dang-resistant (PMD-R) and Upakut-resistant (UPK-R) strains, were used as test organisms. Biochemical study of Ae. aegypti larvae prior to treatment with P. crispum oil revealed that apart from AChE, the baseline activity of most defensive enzymes, such as GSTs, α-/β-ESTs, ACP, ALP and MFO, in resistant UPK-R or PMD-R, was higher than that determined in susceptible MCM-S. However, after 24-h exposure to P. crispum oil, the pyrethroid susceptible and resistant Ae. aegypti showed similarity in biochemical features, with alterations of enzyme activity in the treated larvae, as compared to the controls. A significant increase in the activity levels of GSTs, α-/β-ESTs, ACP and ALP was recorded in all strains of P. crispum oil-treated Ae. aegypti larvae, whereas MFO and AChE activity in these mosquitoes was decreased. The recognizable larvicidal capability on pyrethroid resistant Ae. aegypti, and the inhibitory effect on AChE and MFO, emphasized the potential of P. crispum oil as an attractive alternative application for management of mosquito resistance in current and future control programs.

Subject Areas

Petroselinum crispum; Aedes aegypti; enzyme activity; esterases, mixed-function oxidases; phosphatases

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