Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Comparative Study on the RFS Program of Korea with the US and UK

Version 1 : Received: 18 October 2018 / Approved: 18 October 2018 / Online: 18 October 2018 (05:20:41 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 17 December 2018 / Approved: 18 December 2018 / Online: 18 December 2018 (05:03:31 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Shin, J.-Y.; Kim, G.-W.; Zepernick, J.S.; Kang, K.-Y. A Comparative Study on the RFS Program of Korea with the US and UK. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4618. Shin, J.-Y.; Kim, G.-W.; Zepernick, J.S.; Kang, K.-Y. A Comparative Study on the RFS Program of Korea with the US and UK. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4618.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2018, 10, 4618
DOI: 10.3390/su10124618

Abstract

In 2016, the global environmental impact of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions was 49.3 gigatons in CO2equivalent. Worldwide, the transportation sector is responsible for 14% of GHG. Electric vehicles powered by less-polluting energy sources are one way to reduce the environmental impact of the transportation sector, but immediate transportation demands cannot be met by existing electric vehicle technology. Use of less polluting biofuel in place of petroleum-based gasoline or diesel fuel to power the existing transportation fleet is a widely accepted transitional solution, including in the Republic of Korea. The purpose of this project is to investigate approaches to biofuels in the US and the UK to evaluate Korea’s current energy policies related to use of biofuels and to make recommendations for strengthening Korea’s energy policy. This project addresses only policies for use of biodiesel rather than ethanol (widely used in the US) because ethanol is not used in Korea. This research shows that Korea calculates GHG using the principle that biofuel is carbon neutral, but energy policies in the US and the UK treat biofuel as not entirely carbon neutral. Korea should examine how to calculate GHG from biodiesel according to the standard set by the UK. In detail, the project’s findings relate to environmental sustainability.

Subject Areas

RFS (renewable fuel standards); renewable energy; biodiesel; CO2; GHG; sustainability; carbon neutral

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