Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Relationship between Family Violence and Self-Control in Adolescence: A Multi-Level Meta-Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 17 September 2018 / Approved: 18 September 2018 / Online: 18 September 2018 (05:39:34 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Willems, Y.E.; Li, J.-B.; Hendriks, A.M.; Bartels, M.; Finkenauer, C. The Relationship between Family Violence and Self-Control in Adolescence: A Multi-Level Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2468. Willems, Y.E.; Li, J.-B.; Hendriks, A.M.; Bartels, M.; Finkenauer, C. The Relationship between Family Violence and Self-Control in Adolescence: A Multi-Level Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2468.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2468
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15112468

Abstract

Theoretical studies propose an association between family violence and low self-control in adolescence, yet empirical findings of this association are inconclusive. The aim of the present research was to systematically summarize available findings on the relation between family violence and self-control across adolescence. We included 27 studies with 143 effect sizes, representing more than 25,000 participants of eight countries from early to late adolescence. Applying a multi-level meta-analyses, taking dependency between effect sizes into account while retaining statistical power, we examined the magnitude and direction of the overall effect size. Additionally, we investigated whether theoretical moderators (e.g., age, gender, country), and methodological moderators (cross-sectional/longitudinal, informant) influenced the magnitude of the association between family violence and self-control. Our results revealed that family violence and self-control have a small to moderate significant negative association (r = -.191). This association did not vary across gender, country, and informants. The strength of the association, however, decreased with age and in longitudinal studies. This finding provides evidence that researchers and clinicians may expect low self-control in the wake of family violence, especially in early adolescence. Recommendations for future research in the area are discussed.

Subject Areas

family violence; self-control; meta-analysis; adolescence

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