Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Efficiency of Using Smart-Mobile Phones in Accessing Agricultural Information by Smallholder Farmers in North Kordofan – Sudan

Version 1 : Received: 1 September 2018 / Approved: 3 September 2018 / Online: 3 September 2018 (15:12:49 CEST)

How to cite: Hamad, M.A.A.; Eltahir, M.; Ali, A.E.M.; Hamdan, A.M.; Elsafi, A.A.H. Efficiency of Using Smart-Mobile Phones in Accessing Agricultural Information by Smallholder Farmers in North Kordofan – Sudan. Preprints 2018, 2018090044 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0044.v1). Hamad, M.A.A.; Eltahir, M.; Ali, A.E.M.; Hamdan, A.M.; Elsafi, A.A.H. Efficiency of Using Smart-Mobile Phones in Accessing Agricultural Information by Smallholder Farmers in North Kordofan – Sudan. Preprints 2018, 2018090044 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0044.v1).

Abstract

The access to agricultural information in Sudan continues to be challenging to farmers due to use of inadequate sources and traditional extension approaches. The rapid growth of smart-mobile phones usage in developing countries resulted in several advantages compared to other alternatives in term of costs, geographic coverage and ease of use. This research was conducted in North Kordofan Sate to explore the role of smart-mobile phone in accessing agricultural information. Primary data were obtained by structured questionnaires and focus group discussion through participatory rural appraisal and observation while secondary data were collected from scientific journals, books and authenticated web sources. A number of 230 respondents (10% from total farmers) were interviewed and five focus group discussions were done. Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS) version 22 was used to analyze the data with aid of descriptive statistics and Chi-squire Test. The result indicated that most of the respondents fall in age group between 21-40 years, and they depend on farm activity. There was 90% of farmers processed mobile phone since more than three years ago, 90.8%continuedto use smart mobile phone to access agricultural information and showed positive contribution towards income generation. The results also revealed that there was positive perception towards using mobile phones which showed more efficient in use than radio and TVs. The results showed great advantages of using smart mobile phone where 75.2 % of respondents preferred to get agricultural information, logistics and other needs through successful communication in the mid of agricultural season. Results of Chi-squire test showed significant differences between the parameters tested. The study recommended that farmers should be connected with mobile phones to admit ease communication with agricultural extension offices and quick access to their needs and logistics.

Subject Areas

Agricultural information, smart-mobile, stakeholder farmers, Sudan

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