Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Analyzing academic stress in adolescence and their relationship with students’ psychological and physical well-being: Development and validation of the Questionnaire of Academic Stress in Secondary Education

Version 1 : Received: 23 August 2018 / Approved: 23 August 2018 / Online: 23 August 2018 (15:32:43 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

García-Ros, R.; Pérez-González, F.; Tomás, J.M. Development and Validation of the Questionnaire of Academic Stress in Secondary Education: Structure, Reliability and Nomological Validity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2023. García-Ros, R.; Pérez-González, F.; Tomás, J.M. Development and Validation of the Questionnaire of Academic Stress in Secondary Education: Structure, Reliability and Nomological Validity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2023.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2023
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15092023

Abstract

This study presents the validation process of the Questionnaire on Academic Stress in Secondary Education –QASSE-, designed to assess the wide variety of school sources and situations related to academic stress in adolescence, and their relationship with students’ physical and psychological well-being. Participants were 860 Spanish high school students (52.9% girls) with an average age of 14.62 years (SD = 1.8). Through a cross-validation process, EFA and CFA supported QASSE multifactorial structure with four first-order factors -academic overload, interaction with classmates, family pressure, and future-oriented perspective- and a second-order factor of academic stress, showing a significant and intense relationship with adolescents’ psychological and physical well-being. Results also highlight the effects of the gender*educational level interaction on the students’ stress, with girls showing higher levels of stress in the transition courses between educational phases (sophomore and junior years). The QASSE demonstrates good validity and reliability, showing potential for both research and educational application. The results show the high impact of the QASSE dimensions on psychological and physical well-being in adolescence, highlighting its special usefulness for designing and adjusting educational prevention and intervention actions in this area to the students’ specific characteristics and needs

Subject Areas

academic stress; psychological and physical well-being; adolescence; secondary education; validity; reliability; gender and age differences

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