Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Reinforcement Systems for Carbon Concrete Composites Based on Low-Cost Carbon Fibers

Version 1 : Received: 13 July 2018 / Approved: 13 July 2018 / Online: 13 July 2018 (17:51:12 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Böhm, R.; Thieme, M.; Wohlfahrt, D.; Wolz, D.S.; Richter, B.; Jäger, H. Reinforcement Systems for Carbon Concrete Composites Based on Low-Cost Carbon Fibers. Fibers 2018, 6, 56. Böhm, R.; Thieme, M.; Wohlfahrt, D.; Wolz, D.S.; Richter, B.; Jäger, H. Reinforcement Systems for Carbon Concrete Composites Based on Low-Cost Carbon Fibers. Fibers 2018, 6, 56.

Journal reference: Fibers 2018, 6, 56
DOI: 10.3390/fib6030056

Abstract

Carbon concrete PAN/lignin-based CF composites are a new promising material class for the building industry. The replacement of the traditional heavy and corroding steel reinforcement by carbon fiber (CF) based reinforcements offers many significant advantages: a higher protection of environmental resources because of lower CO2 consumption during cement production, a longer lifecycle and thus muss less damage in structural components and a higher degree of design freedom because lightweight solutions can be realized. However, due to cost pressure in civil engineering, completely new process chains are required to manufacture CF based reinforcement structures for concrete. The article describes the necessary process steps in order to develop CF reinforcement: (1) the production of cost-effective CF using novel carbon fiber lines, (2) the fabrication of CF rebars with different geometry profiles. It was found that PAN/lignin-based CF is currently the most promising material in order to meet the future market demands. However, significant research needs to be undertaken in order to improve the properties of lignin-based and PAN/lignin-based CF, respectively. The CF can be manufactured to CF-based rebars using different manufacturing technologies which have been developed on prototype level in this study.

Subject Areas

carbon concrete composites; low-cost carbon fibers; pultrusion

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