Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Who and Where: A Socio-Spatial integrated Approach for Community-Based Health Research

Version 1 : Received: 22 May 2018 / Approved: 23 May 2018 / Online: 23 May 2018 (07:40:58 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Stacciarini, J.-M.R.; Vacca, R.; Mao, L. Who and Where: A Socio-Spatial Integrated Approach for Community-Based Health Research. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1375. Stacciarini, J.-M.R.; Vacca, R.; Mao, L. Who and Where: A Socio-Spatial Integrated Approach for Community-Based Health Research. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1375.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1375
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15071375

Abstract

Social and spatial characteristics of a population often interact to influence health outcomes, suggesting a need to jointly analyze both to offer useful insights in community health. However, researchers have used either social or spatial analyses to examine community-based health issues and inform intervention programs. We propose a combined socio-spatial analytic approach to develop a social network with spatial weights and a spatial statistic with social weights, and apply them to an ongoing study of mental and physical well-being of rural Latino immigrants in North Florida, USA. We demonstrate how this approach can be used to calculate measures, such as social network centrality, support contact dyads, and spatial kernel density based on a health survey data. Findings reveal that the integrated approach accurately reflected interactions between social and spatial elements, and identified community members (who) and locations (where) that should be prioritized for community-based health interventions.

Subject Areas

community health; rural Latino immigrants; mental well-being; network analysis; spatial statistics; intervention

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