Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Selective Feeding and Microalgal Consumption Rates by Crown-of-Thorns Seastar (Acanthaster cf. solaris) Larvae

Version 1 : Received: 24 November 2016 / Approved: 24 November 2016 / Online: 24 November 2016 (11:27:13 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Mellin, C.; Lugrin, C.; Okaji, K.; Francis, D.S.; Uthicke, S. Selective Feeding and Microalgal Consumption Rates by Crown-Of-Thorns Seastar (Acanthaster cf. solaris) Larvae. Diversity 2017, 9, 8. Mellin, C.; Lugrin, C.; Okaji, K.; Francis, D.S.; Uthicke, S. Selective Feeding and Microalgal Consumption Rates by Crown-Of-Thorns Seastar (Acanthaster cf. solaris) Larvae. Diversity 2017, 9, 8.

Journal reference: Diversity 2017, 9, 8
DOI: 10.3390/d9010008

Abstract

Outbreaks of the crown-of-thorns seastar (CoTS) represent a major cause of coral loss on the Great Barrier Reef. Outbreaks might be explained by enhanced larval survival supported by higher phytoplankton availability after flood events, yet little is known about CoTS larvae feeding behaviour, in particular their potential for selective feeding. Here, single- and mixed-species feeding experiments were conducted on CoTS bipinnaria larvae using five algae (Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Pavlova lutheri, Tisochrysis lutea , Dunaliella sp. and Chaetoceros sp.) and two algal concentrations (1000 and 2500 algae mL-1). Cell counts using flow-cytometry at the beginning and end of each incubation experiment allowed us to calculate the filtration and ingestion rates of each species by CoTS larvae. In line with previous studies, CoTS larvae ingested more algae when initial algal concentration was higher. We found evidence for the selective ingestion of some species (Chaetoceros sp., Dunaliella sp.) over others (P. lutheri, P. tricornutum). The preferred algal species had the highest energy content, suggesting that CoTS selectively ingested the most energetic algae. Ultimately, combining these results with spatio-temporal patterns in phytoplankton communities will help elucidate the role of larval feeding behaviour in determining the frequency and magnitude of CoTS outbreaks.

Subject Areas

electivity; feeding behavior; filtration rate; Great Barrier Reef; phytoplankton

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