ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202208.0270.v1
Subject: Engineering, Other Keywords: Two-phase flow; Turbulence model; Monopile; Vortex field; Bed shear stress
Online: 16 August 2022 (03:17:12 CEST)
The unsteady flow around the monopile under the influence of wave and vibration is studied by numerical method. Based on VOF model and SST Turbulence model, combined with Intermittent Transition model and dynamic mesh method, wave generation and pile vibration in numerical flume are simulated. The flow field around vibrating monopile in a calm water flume and a wave flume is simulated and the simulation results are compared. The calculation results show that the monopile vibration has a great disturbance to the unsteady flow around the pile, and the disturbance degree intensifies with the increase of the vibration amplitude of the monopile: Under the action of inertia, the vibration of the monopile leads to the reattachment of the shedding vortices; Under the influence of the reattachment vortices, the asymmetry of the vorticity on the side wall of the monopile intensifies; The intensification of the disturbance causes the reduction of the phase lead angle of the bed shear stress on the side of the single pile, and an additional high bed shear stress appears on the side of the monopile. In addition, the vortex structure formed alternately around the monopile during the vibration process leads to the periodic change of the high bed shear stress.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202002.0221.v1
Online: 16 February 2020 (14:56:57 CET)
ACE2, the putative receptor for the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), played an important role in cell entry of 2019-nCoV. However, it is not yet clear what cell types within the human body express ACE2. Here, a systematic analysis was undertaken using published single cell datasets. In total, our study analyzed 229652 cells, from five different organs, derived from 88 donors. The top ACE2 expressing cells include proximal tubule cells in the kidney and enterocytes in the intestine. Other major ACE2 expressing cells in the kidney include podocytes, intercalated cells and endothelial cells. Our results offer a comprehensive atlas of ACE2 expression at the single cell level and unravel the enormous potential targets of 2019-nCoVinfection beyond the lung.
Subject: Keywords: tetraodon palembangensis; chromosome-level genome; genomic annotation; gene family
Online: 31 August 2020 (04:28:47 CEST)
The humpback puffer, Tetraodon palembangensis, also known as Pao palembangensis, is a species of poisonous freshwater pufferfish mainly distributed in Southeast Asia (Thailand, Laos, Malaysia and Indonesia). Despite interesting biological features, such as its very inactive nature, tetrodotoxin production and body expansion mechanisms, molecular research on the humpback puffer is still rare because of the lack of a high-quality reference genome. Here, we reported a first chromosome-level genome assembly of an adult humpback puffer, of which the genome size is 362 Mb with ~1.78 Mb contig N50 and ~15.8 Mb scaffold N50s. Based on the genome, ~61.5Mb (18.11%) repeat sequences were also identified, and totally 19,925 genes were annotated, 99.20% of which could be predicted with function using protein-coding function databases. Finally, a phylogenetic tree was constructed with single-copy gene families from ten teleost fishes. The humpback puffer genome will be a valuable genomic resource to illustrate possible mechanisms of tetrodotoxin synthesis and tolerance, providing clues for future detailed studies of biological toxins.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints201812.0156.v1
Subject: Biology, Ecology Keywords: Marine microorganisms, marine fungi, algae, marine plants, marine invertebrates, marine vertebrates, genome, metagenome
Online: 12 December 2018 (15:44:09 CET)
With the continuing development of sequencing technology, genomics has been applied in a variety of biological research areas. In particular, the application of genomics to marine species, which boast a high diversity, promises great scientific and industrial potential. Significant progress has been made in marine genomics especially over the past few years. Consequently, BGI, leveraging its prominent contributions in genomics research, established BGI-Qingdao, an institute specifically aimed at exploring marine genomics. In order to accelerate marine genomics research and related applications, BGI-Qingdao initiated the International Conference on Genomics of the Ocean (ICG-Ocean) to develop international collaborations and establish a focused and coherent global research plan. Last year, the first ICG-Ocean conference was held in Qingdao, China, during which 47 scientists in marine genomics from all over the world reported on their research progress to an audience of about 300 attendees. This year, we would like to build on that success, drafting a report on marine genomics to draw global attention to marine genomics. We summarized the recent progress, proposed future directions, and we would like to enable additional profound insights on marine genomics. Similar to the annual report on plant and fungal research by Kew Gardens, and the White Paper of ethical issues on experimental animals, we hope our first report on marine genomics can provide some useful insights for researchers, funding agencies as well as industry, and that future versions will expand upon the foundation established here in both breadth and depth of knowledge.This report summarizes the recent progress in marine genomics in six parts including: marine microorganisms, marine fungi, marine algae and plants, marine invertebrates, marine vertebrates and genomics-based applications.