ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202002.0087.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, General & Theoretical Physics Keywords: Dynamical Casimir effect; parametric amplification of vacuum fluctuation; Floquet method; complex spectral analysis
Online: 6 February 2020 (16:20:18 CET)
We theoretically study the dynamical Casimir effect (DCE), i.e., parametric amplification of a quantum vacuum, in an optomechanical cavity interacting with a photonic crystal, which is considered to be an ideal system to study the microscopic dissipation effect on the DCE. Starting from a total Hamiltonian including the photonic band system as well as the optomechanical cavity, we have derived an effective Floquet-Liouvillian by applying the Floquet method and Brillouin-Wigner-Feshbach projection method. The microscopic dissipation effect is rigorously taken into account in terms of the energy-dependent self-energy. The obtained effective Floquet-Liouvillian exhibits the two competing instabilities, i.e., parametric and resonance instabilities, which determine the stationary mode as a result of the balance between them in the dissipative DCE. Solving the complex eigenvalue problem of the Floquet-Liouvillian, we have determined the stationary mode with vanishing values of the imaginary parts of the eigenvalues. We find a new non-local multimode DCE represented by a multimode Bogoliubov transformation of the cavity mode and the photon band. We show the practical advantage for the observation of DCE in that we can largely reduce the pump frequency when the cavity system is embedded in a narrow band photonic crystal with a bandgap.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202102.0131.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Acoustics Keywords: anomalous diffusion; one dimensional quantum system; irreversibility vs. reversibility
Online: 4 February 2021 (10:25:41 CET)
An interesting anomaly of the diffusion process with an apparently negative diffusion coefficient defined through the mean-square displacement in a one-dimensional quantum molecular chain model is shown. Nevertheless, the system satisfies the H-theorem, so that the second law of thermodynamics is satisfied. The reason why the “diffusion constant” becomes negative is due to the effect of the phase mixing process, which is a characteristic result of the one-dimensionality of the system. We illustrate the situation where this negative “diffusion constant” appears.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201910.0330.v1
Online: 29 October 2019 (10:23:19 CET)
Accumulating evidence suggests that mast cells should play critical roles in disruption and maintenance of intestinal homeostasis, although it remains unknown how they affect local microenvironment. Interleukin-9 (IL-9) was found to play critical roles in intestinal mast cell accumulation induced in various pathological conditions, such as parasite infection and oral allergen-induced anaphylaxis. Newly recruited intestinal mast cells trigger inflammatory responses and damage epithelial integrity through release of a wide variety of mediators including mast cell proteases. We established a novel culture model (mucosal mast cell-like cultured mast cells, MMC-like MCs), in which murine IL-3-dependent bone marrow-derived cultured mast cells (BMMCs) were further cultured in the presence of stem cell factor and IL-9. In MMC-like MCs, drastic up-regulation of Mcpt1 and Mcpt2 was found. Although histamine storage and tryptase activity were significantly downregulated in the presence of SCF and IL-9, it was entirely reversed when mast cells were co-cultured with a murine fibroblastic cell line, Swiss 3T3. MMC-like MCs underwent degranulation upon IgE-mediated antigen stimulation, which was found to less sensitive to lower concentrations of IgE in comparison with BMMCs. This model might be useful for investigation of the spatiotemporal changes of newly recruited intestinal mast cells.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201811.0483.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Immunology Keywords: IFN-γ; histamine; splenocyte; histamine H1 receptor, histidine decarboxylase
Online: 20 November 2018 (05:35:39 CET)
Accumulating evidence suggests that histamine synthesis induced in several types of tumor tissues should modulate tumor immunity. We found that a transient histamine synthesis was induced in CD11b+Gr-1+splenocytes derived from BALB/c mice transplanted with a syngeneic colon carcinoma, CT-26, when they were co-cultured with CT-26 cells. Significant levels of IFN-γ were produced under this co-culture condition. We explored the modulatory roles of histamine on IFN-γ production and found that several histamine receptor antagonists, such as pyrilamine, diphenhydramine, JNJ7777120, and thioperamide, could significantly suppress IFN-γ production. However, suppression of IFN-γ production by these antagonists was also found when splenocytes were derived from the Hdc-/- BALB/c mice. Suppressive effects of these antagonists were found on IFN-γ production induced by concanavalin A or the combination of an anti-CD3 antibody and an anti-CD28 antibody in a histamine-independent manner. Murine splenocytes were found to express H1 and H2 receptors, but not H3 and H4 receptors. IFN-γ production in the Hh1r-/- splenocytes induced by the combination of an anti-CD3 antibody and an anti-CD28 antibody was significantly suppressed by these antagonists. These findings suggest that pyrilamine, diphenhydramine, JNJ7777120, and thioperamide could suppress IFN-γ production in activated splenocytes in histamine-independent manner.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201901.0003.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Immunology Keywords: mast cell; dexamethasone; trimeric G protein; Mrgpr; skin; inflammation
Online: 3 January 2019 (08:55:29 CET)
Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are widely used for treatment of chronic cutaneous inflammation, such as atopic dermatitis, although it remains unknown how they modulate cutaneous mast cell functions. Murine connective tissue-type mast cells, which were sensitive to mast cell secretagogues, such as compound 48/80 and substance P, were generated by co-culture of bone marrow-derived mast cells with Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts in the presence of stem cell factor. This process was accompanied by up-regulation of a subunit of a trimeric G protein, Gi1, and several Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor (Mrgpr) subtypes. Secretagogue-induced degranulation and up-regulation of these genes were suppressed when they were cultured in the presence of a synthetic glucocorticoid, dexamethasone. The profiles of granule constituents were drastically altered by dexamethasone. Several Mrgpr subtypes were found to be expressed in the cutaneous tissues and their expression levels were decreased in response to topical application of dexamethasone. The numbers of degranulated cutaneous mast cells in response to compound 48/80 were decreased in mice treated with dexamethasone. These results suggest that mast cell-mediated IgE-independent cutaneous inflammation could be suppressed by steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs through down-regulation of Gai1 and several Mrgpr subtypes in mast cells.