REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints201806.0241.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Optics And Photonics Keywords: compound glass; microsphere; resonator; lasing; sensing
Online: 14 June 2018 (16:29:54 CEST)
In recent years, compound glass microsphere resonator devices have attracted increasing interest and have been widely used in sensing, microsphere lasers, and nonlinear optics. Compared with traditional silica resonators, compound glass microsphere resonators have many significant and attractive properties, such as high-Q factor, an ability to achieve high rare earth ion, wide infrared transmittance and low phonon energy. This review provides a summary and a critical assessment of the fabrication and the optical characterization of compound glasses and the related fabrication and applications of compound glass microsphere resonators.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202306.0520.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Acoustics Keywords: active noise control; phase-scheduled-command FXLMS; active sound profiling; phase error.
Online: 7 June 2023 (08:52:09 CEST)
In this paper, the Phase-Scheduled-Command FXLMS algorithm with the phase error between the disturbance and command signal is analyzed in detail. The influence of the phase error on the convergence time constant, convergence rate, and performance of convergence is explained for both stationary and nonstationary disturbance signals case. For stationary disturbance, the phase error slightly increases the convergence rate but heavily increases the distance of the optimum vector from the initial value, leading to poor convergence time constant performance. For nonstationary disturbance, the existence of phase error leads to poor convergence performance in every step, resulting in poor sound profiling performance. And the estimation of the phase error influence is developed in the closed form. Simulations are performed to demonstrate the validity of the analysis results.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202307.1464.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Animal Science, Veterinary Science And Zoology Keywords: bovine skeletal muscle satellite cells; sodium butyrate; mitophagy; apoptosis; mTOR signaling pathway
Online: 21 July 2023 (05:18:58 CEST)
Sodium butyrate (NaB) is one of the short-chain fatty acids and is notably produced in large amounts from dietary fiber in the gut. Recent evidence suggests that NaB induces cell proliferation and apoptosis. The skeletal muscle is rich in plenty of mitochondrial. However, it is unclear how NaB acts on host muscle cells and whether it is involved in mitochondria-related functions in myocytes. The present study aimed to investigate the role of NaB treatment on the proliferation, apoptosis, and mitophagy of bovine skeletal muscle satellite cells (BSCs). The results showed that NaB inhibited the proliferation and promoted apoptosis of BSCs, and promoted mitophagy in a time and dose-dependent manner in BSCs. In addition, 1mM NaB increased the mitochondrial ROS level, decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), increased the number of autophagic vesicles in mitochondria, and increased the mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) and ATP level. The effects of the mTOR pathway on BSCs were investigated, and the results showed that 1mM NaB inhibited the mRNA and protein expression of mTOR and genes AKT1, FOXO1, and EIF4EBP1 in the mTOR signaling pathway, while the addition of PP242, an inhibitor of the mTOR signaling pathway, also inhibited mRNA and protein expression levels of mTOR, AKT1, FOXO1, and EIF4EBP1, and promoted mitophagy and apoptosis, which were consistent with the effect of NaB treatment. In conclusion, NaB might promote mitophagy and apoptosis in BSCs by inhibiting the mTOR signaling pathway. Our results would expand the knowledge of sodium butyrate on bovine skeletal muscle cell state and mitochondrial function.