REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202306.1279.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Other Keywords: Cardiovascular Imaging; Rectal Imaging; Liver Imaging; Computed Tomography; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Ultrasound
Online: 19 June 2023 (04:05:05 CEST)
Recently, Medical Radiology has undergone significant improvements in patients’ management due to advancements in image acquisition by last generation machines, data processing, and integration of artificial intelligence. In this way, cardiovascular imaging is one of the fastest growing radiological subspecialty. A compressive review was focused on addressing how and why CT and MR have gained a I class indication in most cardiovascular diseases, and the potential impact of the tissue and functional characterization by CT photon counting, quantitative MR mapping, and 4-D flow. Regarding rectal imaging, advances in cancer imaging by using diffusion-weighted MRI sequences for identifying residual disease after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and [18F] FDG PET/MRI were provided for high-resolution anatomical and functional data in oncological patients. We offered a large overview on the approach to the imaging of diffuse and focal liver diseases by US elastography, contrast-enhanced US, quantitative MRI, and CT for the patient’s risk stratification. Italy is riding the wave of these improvements. The development of large networks will be crucial to create high-quality databases for a patient-centered precision medicine by artificial intelligence. dedicated radiologists with specific training and a close relationship with the referring clinicians will be the essential human factor.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202310.1649.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Cardiac And Cardiovascular Systems Keywords: Vascular; Photon-counting; CT Angiography; Dose Exposure; Contrast Agents; EVAR; Aorta; Endoleaks
Online: 25 October 2023 (12:36:34 CEST)
Photon-counting Computed Tomography (PCCT) is a promising cardiovascular-imaging technique. Using detectors that count the number and energy of photons in multiple bins, PCCT offers several advantages over conventional CT, including a higher image quality, reduced contrast agent volume, radiation doses, and artifacts. Although PCCT is well established for cardiac imaging in assessing coronary artery disease, its application in vascular imaging remains limited. This review summarizes the available literature and provides an overview of the current use of PCCT for the diagnosis of vascular conditions. Of the 13 records selected in the initial search, 7 articles were included in the present review: 6 cohort studies and 1 case report. This review synthesized the available literature on PCCT in vascular imaging, focusing mainly on endoleaks detection and characterization after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), contrast dose volume, and radiation exposure reduction, particularly in patients with chronic kidney disease and in those requiring follow-up CT.