Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Mechanistic Insights and Therapeutic Potential of Natural Products in Amelioration of Wound Healing

Version 1 : Received: 2 March 2023 / Approved: 3 March 2023 / Online: 3 March 2023 (03:37:50 CET)

How to cite: Sharma, P.; Kumar, D.; Shri, R.; Dua, K.; Ntie-Kang, F.; Kumar, S. Mechanistic Insights and Therapeutic Potential of Natural Products in Amelioration of Wound Healing. Preprints 2023, 2023030054. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202303.0054.v1. Sharma, P.; Kumar, D.; Shri, R.; Dua, K.; Ntie-Kang, F.; Kumar, S. Mechanistic Insights and Therapeutic Potential of Natural Products in Amelioration of Wound Healing. Preprints 2023, 2023030054. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202303.0054.v1.

Abstract

Wound healing is a process through which skin maintains itself. Once a wound occurs, the inflammatory and proliferative stages are instigated in reaction to injury. It is established that wound restorative comprises four stages including haemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. The amelioration of wound healing is very challenging as tumors can develop at the site of chronic injury. There are numerous plants, plant extracts and plant based natural products were widely used by tribal communities from ancient times for the treatment of cuts, burns, scars, burns and wounds. The therapeutic potential of these plants is recognized due to the presence of phytomolecules such as phenolic compounds, flavonoids, triterpenoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids and glycosides. The plant used for the treatments of wound healing includes Achillea millefolium, Andrographis paniculata, Boswellia sacra, Calendula officinalis, Crocus sativus, Curcuma longa, Ehretia laevis, Ehretia microphylla, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Malva sylvestris, Rosmarinus officinalis and Salvia officinalis. This assemblage comprises the structures of phytomolecules isolated from the different extracts of these plants, mechanistic insights and important key findings responsible for wound healing. The mechanistic insights involved in wound healing are similar to cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agents such as ROS generation, DNA fragmentation and western blotting. This review article is an effort to bridge the gaps in the prevailing literature and thus offers gigantic scope for researchers and academicians betrothed in validation of the customary claims and development of safer and efficient and worldwide recognized natural potential candidates as drugs for healing of wounds, burns and cuts.

Keywords

natural products; wound healing; phytomolecules; cytotocxic; curcumin

Subject

CHEMISTRY, Medicinal Chemistry

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