Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Broadening the Chrysoviridae Horizons: A New Geographical Area and Potential Arthropod Vector for the Xanthi Chryso-Like Virus

Version 1 : Received: 13 July 2022 / Approved: 15 July 2022 / Online: 15 July 2022 (11:44:59 CEST)

How to cite: Jankovic, M.; Ćirković, V.; Stanojević, M.; Stamenković, G.; Lončar, A.; Šiljić, M. Broadening the Chrysoviridae Horizons: A New Geographical Area and Potential Arthropod Vector for the Xanthi Chryso-Like Virus. Preprints 2022, 2022070231 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202207.0231.v1). Jankovic, M.; Ćirković, V.; Stanojević, M.; Stamenković, G.; Lončar, A.; Šiljić, M. Broadening the Chrysoviridae Horizons: A New Geographical Area and Potential Arthropod Vector for the Xanthi Chryso-Like Virus. Preprints 2022, 2022070231 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202207.0231.v1).

Abstract

Mosquitoes are widespread arthropods that serve as vectors for a broad spectrum of viruses, many of which pose a substantial threat to humans. Conversely, some viruses may seemingly present with beneficial implications for the health of man whilst impinging on other domains of life, such as the fungi-infecting mycoviruses. This study is only the second one so far to describe the exceptionally scarcely identified Xanthi chryso-like virus (XCLV), member of the mycopathogenic Chrysoviridae family, in a new geographical area and a novel potential arthropod vector, the Culex pipiens mosquito. Interestingly, the XCLV was initially fortuitously detected by West Nile virus-specific primers directed at a conserved part of the NS5 gene, possibly indicative of a genetic resemblance and shared ancestry reflected in the NS5 evolutionary heritage. Detection and characterization of the virus and insect alike was done via PCR and Sanger sequencing. This investigation draws attention to our knowledge of viral pervasiveness – be it topographical or vectorial – and how humble it truly is. Additionally, we would propose that more attention be given to arthropod-borne viral pathogens that might prove advantageous to human health.

Keywords

Mosquito; arthropod-borne; vector; RNA virus; mycovirus; Chrysoviridae; sequencing; Serbia

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Virology

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