Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Impacts of COVID-19 on Accessibility of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services: Scoping Review

Version 1 : Received: 1 June 2022 / Approved: 6 June 2022 / Online: 6 June 2022 (03:39:05 CEST)

How to cite: Nkole, J.; Chisotwa, M.; Chikumbi, R.; Bota, F.; Mulemwa, M.; Kasonde, M.; Musele, C.; Kasapatu, N.; Chiluba, B.C. Impacts of COVID-19 on Accessibility of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services: Scoping Review. Preprints 2022, 2022060054 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202206.0054.v1). Nkole, J.; Chisotwa, M.; Chikumbi, R.; Bota, F.; Mulemwa, M.; Kasonde, M.; Musele, C.; Kasapatu, N.; Chiluba, B.C. Impacts of COVID-19 on Accessibility of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services: Scoping Review. Preprints 2022, 2022060054 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202206.0054.v1).

Abstract

Introduction: Since its discovery in late 2019, the novel coronavirus (SARSCOVID-2) that causes COVID-19 has spread fast, prompting the World Health Organization (WHO) to designate the disease a worldwide pandemic on March 11, 2020.The epidemic has profoundly altered the preexisting global sexual and reproductive health landscape .The virus’s load has put ordinary services in jeopardy and harmed other health priorities. This encompasses both the provision and the supply of contraceptives, sexual health, new born and maternal health services. This Scoping review therefore mapped the availability evidence on the impact and effects of the COVID-19 disease outbreak on sexual and reproductive health. Methods: The methodological framework by Arksey and O’Malley guided this scoping review. A literature search was conducted from the following databases: Embase, PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, WOS, and AJOL. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) flow diagram and the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR) checklist were used to document the review process. The Strobe critical review checklist was used to determine the quality of the included studies. Results:19 studies were reviewed, out of which 4 were cross sectional studies, 1 was an observational study, 1 was a descriptive analytical study and the rest were qualitative studies .Majority of the studies showed evidence on the impact of COVID-19 and family planning service, maternal and child services, and three studies reported on COVID-19 and sexual behaviour. Five of the nineteen included studies reported on the impact of COVID-19 and family planning service. Conclusion: This scoping review has granted the assessment of the impact of novel SARS-CoV-2 on Sexual and reproductive health services with regards to sexual behaviour, family planning and maternal, neonatal and child health. From the 18 articles identified and reviewed, the overall responses stipulated a significant reduction in client’s utilization of services due to challenges experiences in service implementation such as stock outs. In addition, low demand for reproductive health services by clients due to restrictions imposed on the movements of people to curb the spread of the virus. It is therefore important that Governments and relevant stakeholders in Maternal and Sexual Reproductive Health prioritize development of policies and practices that protect women from the impacts of the pandemic. Furthermore, regular audits to detect trends in MSRH are necessary to inform on going mitigation efforts.

Keywords

family planning service and COVID-19; maternal; Neonatal and child health service and COVID-19; sexual behaviour and COVID-19; SARSCOVID-2 and family planning

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, General Medical Research

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