Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Analysis of the Structural Protein Effects Caused by the PURA p.Phe233del Mutation Associated to Cognitive Developmental Delay Using Artificial Intelligence and Hybrid Quantum Mechanics-Molecular Mechanics Modelling

Version 1 : Received: 19 May 2022 / Approved: 20 May 2022 / Online: 20 May 2022 (16:58:04 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

López-Rivera, J.J.; Rodríguez-Salazar, L.; Soto-Ospina, A.; Estrada-Serrato, C.; Serrano, D.; Chaparro-Solano, H.M.; Londoño, O.; Rueda, P.A.; Ardila, G.; Villegas-Lanau, A.; Godoy-Corredor, M.; Cuartas, M.; Vélez, J.I.; Vidal, O.M.; Isaza-Ruget, M.A.; Arcos-Burgos, M. Structural Protein Effects Underpinning Cognitive Developmental Delay of the PURA p.Phe233del Mutation Modelled by Artificial Intelligence and the Hybrid Quantum Mechanics–Molecular Mechanics Framework. Brain Sci. 2022, 12, 871. López-Rivera, J.J.; Rodríguez-Salazar, L.; Soto-Ospina, A.; Estrada-Serrato, C.; Serrano, D.; Chaparro-Solano, H.M.; Londoño, O.; Rueda, P.A.; Ardila, G.; Villegas-Lanau, A.; Godoy-Corredor, M.; Cuartas, M.; Vélez, J.I.; Vidal, O.M.; Isaza-Ruget, M.A.; Arcos-Burgos, M. Structural Protein Effects Underpinning Cognitive Developmental Delay of the PURA p.Phe233del Mutation Modelled by Artificial Intelligence and the Hybrid Quantum Mechanics–Molecular Mechanics Framework. Brain Sci. 2022, 12, 871.

DOI: 10.3390/brainsci12070871

Abstract

A whole-exome capture and next-generation sequencing applied to an 11 y/o patient with a clinical history of congenital hypotonia, generalized motor and cognitive neurodevelopmental delay, severe cognitive deficit, without any identifiable Syndromic pattern, and to her parents, disclosed a de novo heterozygous pathogenic mutation, c.697_699del p.Phe233del (rs786204835)(ACMG classification PS2, PM1, PM2, PP5), harbored in the PURA gene (MIM*600473) (5q31.3), associated to Autosomal Dominant Mental Retardation 31 (MIM # 616158). We used the significant improvement in the accuracy of protein structure prediction recently implemented in AlphaFold that incorporates novel neural network architectures and training procedures based on the evolutionary, physical, and geometric constraints of protein structures. The wild-type (WT) sequence and the mutated one, missing the Phe233, were reconstructed. The predicted local Distance Difference Test (lDDT) for the PURA WT and the PURA-Phe233del showed that the occurrence of the Phe233del affects between 220-320 amino acids. The distortion in the PURA structural confor-mation in the ~5Å surrounding area after the p.Phe233del produces a conspicuous disruption of the repeat III, where the DNA and RNA helix unwinding capability occurs. PURA Protein-DNA Docking corroborated these results in silico Analysis that showed a loss of the contact of the PURA-Phe233del III repeat domain model with the DNA. Together, i) the energetic and stereochemical, ii) the hydropathic indices and polarity surfaces, and iii) the hybrid Quantum Mechanics-Molecular Mechanics (QM-MM) analyses of the PURA molecular models demarcate at the atomic resolution the specific surrounding region affected by these mutations and paves the way for future cell-based functional analysis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a de novo mutation underpinning a PURA syndrome in a Latin American patient and highlights the importance of predicting the molecular effects in protein structure using artificial intelligence algorithms and molecular and atomic resolution stereochemical analyses.

Keywords

purine-rich element binding protein A gene; PURA; MIM: 600473; transcriptional activator protein Pur-alpha; cognitive developmental delay; mental retardation; Mutation c.697_699del p.Phe233del

Subject

Biology and Life Sciences, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

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