Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Molecular Alterations Caused by Alcohol Consumption: A Mendelian Randomisation Study

Version 1 : Received: 17 May 2022 / Approved: 19 May 2022 / Online: 19 May 2022 (09:09:35 CEST)

How to cite: O'Farrell, F.; Jiang, X.; Aljifri, S.; Pazoki, R. Molecular Alterations Caused by Alcohol Consumption: A Mendelian Randomisation Study. Preprints 2022, 2022050258 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0258.v1). O'Farrell, F.; Jiang, X.; Aljifri, S.; Pazoki, R. Molecular Alterations Caused by Alcohol Consumption: A Mendelian Randomisation Study. Preprints 2022, 2022050258 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0258.v1).

Abstract

Background: Alcohol consumption is associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and liver disease. The biological mechanisms are still largely unclear. Here, we aimed to use an agnostic approach to identify phenotypes mediating the effect of alcohol on various diseases. Methods: We performed an agnostic association analysis between alcohol consumption (red, and white wine, beer/cider, fortified wine, and spirits) with over 7,800 phenotypes from the UK biobank comprising 223,728 participants. We performed Mendelian randomisation analysis to infer causality. We additionally performed a Phenome-wide association analysis and a mediation analysis between alcohol consumption as exposure, traits in causal relationship with alcohol consumption as mediators, and various diseases as outcome. Results: Of 45 traits in association with alcohol consumption, 20 were in causal relationship with alcohol consumption. Gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT; β=9.44; CI,5.94-12.93; Pfdr=9.04×10-7), mean sphered cell volume (β=0.189; CI,0.11-0.27; Pfdr=1.00×10-4), mean corpuscular volume (β=0.271; CI,0.19-0.35; Pfdr=7.09×10-10) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin (β=0.278; CI,0.19-0.36; Pfdr=1.60×10-6) showed the strongest causal relationships. We also identified GGT and physical activity as mediators causing liver cirrhosis and alcohol dependence. Conclusion: Our study provides evidence of causality between alcohol consumption and 20 traits and a mediation effect for physical activity on health consequences of alcohol consumption.

Keywords

Mendelian randomisation; Alcohol Consumption; UK Biobank; Phenome wide association studies; Biomarker

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Genetics

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