Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Rhizosphere-Associated Microbiome Profile of Agriculture Reclaimed Lands in Egypt

Version 1 : Received: 23 April 2022 / Approved: 28 April 2022 / Online: 28 April 2022 (03:24:56 CEST)

How to cite: Korkar, M.H.; Magdy, M.; Rizk, S.M.; Fiteha, Y.G.; Atta, A.H.; Rashed, M.A. Rhizosphere-Associated Microbiome Profile of Agriculture Reclaimed Lands in Egypt. Preprints 2022, 2022040265 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0265.v1). Korkar, M.H.; Magdy, M.; Rizk, S.M.; Fiteha, Y.G.; Atta, A.H.; Rashed, M.A. Rhizosphere-Associated Microbiome Profile of Agriculture Reclaimed Lands in Egypt. Preprints 2022, 2022040265 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0265.v1).

Abstract

Plants especially in their natural habitat are considered part of a rich ecosystem that includes many various microorganisms in the soil. The current study aimed to identify the bacterial profile of agriculture-related soil samples using the metabarcoding technique to compare and explore relevant rhizosphere bacteria associated with plant cultivations in newly reclaimed land and habitual cultivated ones. Total environmental DNA was extracted from rhizosphere and non-cultivated samples derived from three land types in Egypt. The bacterial 16S rDNA was amplified and sequenced by NGS technology to profile each sample. The microbial profile was characterized by statistical and literature-based methods. Among all samples, the most identified phyla were Actinobacteriota (28%), followed by Proteobacteriota (26%), Firmicutes (14%), Ac-idobacteriota and Chloroflexi (7%), Gemmatimonadota (5%), Bacteriodota and Crenarchaeota (3%), and Myxococcota (2%), in addition to 37 other phyla with <1% counts. A total of 74 OTU was unique to the plant rhizosphere area and classified as Bacteriodota (5.1%:0.3%), Firmicutes (2.4%:0.1%), and Proteobacteria (3.5%:2%) phyla in agriculture and reclaimed lands, respectively. Moreover, the rhizosphere profile included a large portion of uncultured and unidentified bac-terial species, which opened a window to further analysis. Our analysis provides a key Knowledge about the rhizosphere microbiome and highlights its possible use to create microbial-based bi-ofertilizers targeting plant performance in contrast to traditional fertilizers and their side effect on the agriculture sector.

Keywords

Microbiome; Rhizosphere; Metabarcoding; 16S rDNA; Agriculture lands; Reclaimed lands

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Microbiology

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