Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Reviewing the WHO Tube Bioassay Methodology: Accurate Methods Reporting and Number of Mosquitoes Key to Producing Robust Results

Version 1 : Received: 15 March 2022 / Approved: 25 March 2022 / Online: 25 March 2022 (15:40:56 CET)

How to cite: Praulins, G.; Spiers, A.; Lees, R. Reviewing the WHO Tube Bioassay Methodology: Accurate Methods Reporting and Number of Mosquitoes Key to Producing Robust Results. Preprints 2022, 2022030350 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0350.v1). Praulins, G.; Spiers, A.; Lees, R. Reviewing the WHO Tube Bioassay Methodology: Accurate Methods Reporting and Number of Mosquitoes Key to Producing Robust Results. Preprints 2022, 2022030350 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0350.v1).

Abstract

Accurately monitoring insecticide resistance in target mosquito populations is important to combating malaria and other vector-borne diseases, and robust methods are key. The “WHO susceptibility bioassay” has been used for +60 years: mosquitoes of known physiological status are exposed to a discriminating concentration of insecticide. Several changes to the test procedures have been made historically which may seem minor but could impact bioassay results. The published test procedures and literature for this method were reviewed for methodological details. Areas where there was room for interpretation in the test procedures or where the test procedures were not being followed were assessed experimentally for impact on bioassay results: covering or uncovering of the tube end during exposure, number of mosquitoes per test unit, and mosquito age. Many publications do not cite the most recent test procedures, methodological details are reported which contradict the test procedures referenced or methodological details are not fully reported. As a result, the precise methodology is unclear. Experimental testing showed that using fewer than the recommended 15-30 mosquitoes per test unit significantly reduced mortality, covering the exposure tube had no effect, and using mosquitoes older than 2-5 days old increased mortality, particularly in the resistant strain. Recommendations are made for better reporting of experimental parameters.

Keywords

insecticide resistance; resistance monitoring; method validation; WHO tube

Subject

BIOLOGY, Entomology

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