Ranjan, A.K.; Gulati, A. Sovateltide Mediated Endothelin B Receptors Agonism and Curbing Neurological Disorders. Int. J. Mol. Sci.2022, 23, 3146.
Ranjan, A.K.; Gulati, A. Sovateltide Mediated Endothelin B Receptors Agonism and Curbing Neurological Disorders. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 3146.
Neurological / neurovascular disorders constitute the leading cause of disability and second leading cause of deaths in the world. Some of the major neurological / neurovascular disorders or diseases include stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, spinal cord injury, neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, etc. Their pathophysiology is considered as highly complex and has been blamed as the main obstacle in the development of any drugs for these diseases. In this review, we have described the endothelin system, their involvement in neurovascular disorders, importance of endothelin B receptors (ETBRs) as a novel potential drug target, and its agonism by IRL-1620 (INN - sovateltide), which we are developing as a drug candidate for treating the above-mentioned neurological disorders / diseases. We have highlighted the results of our pre-clinical and clinical studies related to these diseases. The phase I, safety and tolerability study of sovateltide has shown it as a highly safe and well tolerable compound at tested dosages, while pre-clinical and clinical phase II studies have demonstrated its efficacy in treating acute ischemic stroke, where it is currently being developed as a “First in Class” drug. Its testing in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), acute spinal cord injury and neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is currently being carried out and are at different stages of drug development. Successful completion of these studies will prove the involvement of ETBRs signaling in neurological / neurovascular diseases and help in development of novel neurological drugs in future.
Endothelins; Endothelin B Receptors; Endothelin A Receptors; Neurodegeneration; Neurovascular and Neurologic disorders
LIFE SCIENCES, Biotechnology
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